Tuesday, February 7, 2023

The Wonder Years

Deeds, deeds and more deeds. I call the years between 1810 and 1840 ' The Wonder Years' because they make me wonder. Where was my John Faulkner? Who was he living with before he shows up as head of his own household in 1840 at about 30 years old? And most essentially, how and why did he get left in Anson County when nearly all of the other Faulkners had migrated away? Which leads to the question that is the spur in my saddle, who were his parents?

Nathan Faulkner first appears in Anson County about 1775, as in 1779, he swears before a Judge that it had been about 4 years since he had purchased a 34 acres tract from a Mr. Eddins,  and disappears in the early 1800's. He first shows up in Craven County, and possibly in Cumberland with Francis Faulker, Senior, his father, and Jr., his brother. Then arrives the Francis's, another brother, Asa, there's mention of Emmanuel and then his cousin, Benjamin dies in Anson, leaving a will, but no other record. There's mentions of Elijah, Elisha, Archibald, a younger Francis,  Jonathan, John,  Job, Warren, then  Joseph and James, whom we know were sons of Francis Jr., due to the well-kept records of the Kentucky Faulkners, who descend from them.

Name:James Falkner
County:Anson County
Township:No Township Listed
Database:NC Early Census Index

But first there was a James, an older James, who was on the Tax list of Anson County. As there's no indication of what 'creek', or other landmark he lived near, we don't know, at this early stage, if he lived in what is still Anson today, or another county that was part of Anson in the past. 

But after 1805, and especially 1810, there are scant mention of the Faulkners in Anson County, until after 1840, when the two remaining Faulkner men, and their families, come of age.

It was in 1800, his last census, when Nathan Faulkner sold a good deal of livestock, furniture, and personal items to Jonathan and Warren Faulkner. Warren had yet to be mentioned, so I believe he was younger. Jonathan appears in several deeds with Nathan, as a co-signer, and other things. I believe he was the last person to reside on the remaining lands of Nathan Faulkner, seen often as "John", before he finally relocated to Humphrey County, Tennesse and later to Marshall County, Mississippi. Archibald, who moved to Edgefield, South Carolina and later to Tennessee, is noted as a son of Nathan, and appears as a chain carrier in Nathan's earliest surveys, and in the 1790 census, before he moves. I believe Nathan had other sons who moved to Edgefield District, with Archibald, and I believe that is where Nathan spent his last days, passing away before 1810.
Name:Ora Folkner[]
Home in 1800 (City, County, State):Fayetteville, Anson, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 25:2
Free White Persons - Males - 45 and over:1
Free White Persons - Females - 45 and over:3
Number of Household Members Over 25:4
Number of Household Members:6

Then there is the whole Asa/ Elijah issue. Many family trees have them merged. The deeds clearly show that Asa and Elijah were two different people. In the 1800 census, his second, Asa is shown as being over 45, meaning he was born in 1755, or before, and his wife also, in the same age group, with two young men, aged 16 to 25, in the home. We know Job was a brother of Elijah, and he was head of his own household at that time, in the same 16 to 25 age group, as was his wife. Asa was also living next to John and Isaac Stanfield, who had moved with the family from the Cumberland River to Anson. John would die in Anson County, but some of the Stanfields would follow the children of Francis Jr. to Kentucky via Blount County, Tennessee. 

Name:Asa Falkner
Home in 1790 (City, County, State):Anson, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 16 and over:1 Asa
Free White Persons - Males - Under 16:3 Maybe 3 sons
Free White Persons - Females:3 Maybe wife and two daughters. 
Number of Household Members:7

In 1790, Asa had 3 sons and 2 daughters, living at home. If Job were his son, then so was Elijah. Job was on his own by 1800, Elijah, not yet. The third, I'm not sure, but perhaps his name was Elisha, who also appears in land records, with property near the others. 

Also, Elizabeth Huntley, daughter of Robert Huntley, was not old enough to be the wife of Asa in 1800. I belive she married Elijah, shortly after the 1800 census and her three children, Job (a younger Job), Asa W. L, and Susanna, were born in the next decade. Elijah died before 1810, when she is shown as head of household with her three children, living next to her father. She then marries John Webb, and is young enough to have children with him. Her daughter marries John Webbs son, her stepbrother, William. It was a different era.

How long did Elijah live?

Oct 18, 1805 Book M P 286 James Johnson , Coroner, of Anson County to Robert Huntley of Anson, sold 300 acres in two adjoining tracts, on Lowry's Branch and Dry Prong, sold "due to an execution" from Anson Court against Elijah Faulker, "bail of Thomas Stake" ( I believe the last name for Thomas might be incorrect),  due to suit by Rueben Pickett of Anson and because no goods or chattels found. 

So basically, Rueben Pickett had sued Thomas 'Stake' and Elijah Faulkner had went his bond and Thomas did not show up in court, so the bond was forfeited, but then Elijah didn't have any property so Robert Huntely (His father-in-law?) bought back his property to save the family from being homeless. Makes sense to me.

May 9, 1812, William Vaughan to Duncan McKenzie, both of Anson, sold property on Jones Creek at the mouth of Rocky Branch "joins Faulkner and a rock marked "LLJK", part of a tract sold by James Knotts to Vaughn and part of a tract sold to 'SAS' (Asa) Faulkner to Vaughn.  Book S p 356.

Feb. 27, 1813 William Vaughan to Duncan McKenzie, both of Anson, 100 acres on the south prong of Jones creek, begins at a stake at the end of Elijah Faulkners second line in his 200 acres tract & beginning  of his 100 acres tract, joins his second corner of land he bought of McIntyre and near Privett, granted in 1807 to Vaughn. Book S p356.

My bets are that Elijah was the son of Asa and that Elijah was the one who married Elizabeth Huntley. They've got the correct lineage, they just smashed two generations together. There's still the factor that I share more DNA with the descendants of Elizabeth Huntely Faulkner than I do with the descendants of Jonathan. 

Another deed I harken back to is dated February 24, 1801, but involves the sale of 150 acres on Cedar Branch by John Ford of Anson County to Jacob Mangrum of Chesterfield County, South Carolina. The property bordered the lines of Abraham Jones and Phillip Dill, a single man with lots of land, who's interesting in his own right, and had been Granted to Richard Worthin in 1779 and sold by his heir, William Worthin to John Ford. The Witnesses were Nathan and Jonathan Faulkner and it's found in Book H2 Page 275.

Was this the deed where John Ford lightened his load?

Jonathan Faulkner is whom Thrulines on Ancestry.com had suggested as the father of my John, due to a number of individuals who have this information in their trees. It didn't take a great deal of looking into it to discover that Jonathan was not my direct ancestor, despite the fact that I share DNA with many of his descendants. I don't disregard the fact that Jonathan belongs in my family tree, just not as a direct ancestor.
So, he was worth taking a closer look at, in fact, with a magnifying glass.

Jonathan was pretty worth while looking at, and had been well researched. As he ended up in Mississippi via Tennessee, his descendants knew he had been born in North Carolina and had found him in Anson. His son John, is a grown man, and shows up in records with his Dad and his brother Calvin, while still in Tennessee, as an adult. When Jonathan starts showing up in deeds with Nathan, who I am pretty sure was his father, he was about to be, and then had just shown up as a head of his own household in Anson County. He was, at that time, a young man between 16 and 25, with a wife of the same age. So, it looks like he married in Anson County, although no bond or record has been found. His wife's name was Matilda.

It became quickly evident that Jonathan did not travel to West Tennesee alone, and that when he did, he did so via South Carolina. John Ford is a name who turns up in Tennessee with Jonathan. Jonathan recieved his grant as an assignee of Samuel Jackson, so did three other people. The Jacksons are seen in multiple deed transactions with Nathan Falkner, and Jonathan and a few others. Col. John Jackson was one of them, and his sons, Samuel and Isaac. Col. John Jackson had a daughter named Sarah, who had married John Stanfield, a Faulkner family friend. He had a daughter named Phoebe who married a man named Thomas Shaw. Thomas Shaw was also an assignee of his brother-in-law, Samuel Jackson and had migrated to Humphrey County as well. Samuel's third assignee was a lady named Polly, and at this juncture, I can't explain how she fits in, if she even does. His sister Mary "Polly" Jackson had married a White. Two of the Jackson sisters married Whites. I will look more into Polly in the future. Samuel Jackson himself, also moved to Humphrey County, Tennessee and received at least three grants, that he himself, kept. There were no shortages of Samuel Jacksons at the time, so it's a small bit of a challenge to keep him straight, but the presence of Jonathan and Thomas Shaw help keep him, his name actually, straight.

Another important tell-tale document is the one wherein James Johnson, the Coroner for Anson County in 1805, sold 300 acres on Lowry's Branch and Dry Prong to Robert Huntley.  The property had belonged to Elijah Faulkner, who had signed a bond for the bail of a man named "Thomas Stake", though I am pretty sure the 'Stake' is incorrect. Apparently Thomas owed money from a lawsuit pressed by Reuben Pickett. Pickett was an attorney who would be serving as Sheriff of Anson by 1808. Thomas must have taken off and finding that Elijah had no significant "goods or chattels",  his land was confiscated. Don't go into bonds lightly folks.

Robert Huntley purchased the land, I beleive, for his daugther Elizabeth, who had married the unwise Elijah Faulkner, and by then had had two of her three babies. Elizabeth would be left a young widow with three children, marry John Webb, a much older widower and have five or six more children. Several folks have merged Asa and Elijah into one. Land records prove that Asa and Elijah were not one person. There was an Asa, and there was an Elijah. Asa was an older man, the same age group as his brothers, Nathan and Francis, Jr. Elijah was of the younger group.I have no proof, just lots of arrows pointing to the probability that Asa was the father of Elijah. The above mentioned deed can be found in Book M  Page 286. It's like watching a suspense movie wherein they leave some details for you to figure out logically on your own. My sense of what happened here was that Robert Huntley covered for his son-in-law so his daughter and her young children wouldn't lose the farm and become homeless. 

We know Elijah died as a young man, but how long did Asa live?

On August 22, 1808, James Smith and John Smith of Barnwell District, South Carolina sold 100 acres of land bordering Jeremiah Lewis and William Thomas, on Jones Creek. The property also joined the property of "Faulkner", but who Faukner? (Book N Page 162). I'm pretty sure it was Asa.

A few months later, on Halloween, 1808, Asa Faulkner of Anson County, sold to John Buchanon, who was already his neighbor, 500 acres on Featherbed Branch, beginning at a hickory in Malachi Watts line near a drain of Featherbed Branch, joining Wisdom, Chiles, Teal, John Falkner (now take that in...JOHN Faulkner) Buchanan (the previous mentioned John Buchanan) and Robert Jarman, except 0.5 acres where THE MEETING HOUSE STANDS, includes where said Faulkner lives. 

It was signed by Asa Faulkner and witnessed by Richard C. Pattisall and M. Johnson. Witness Oath July, 1814 by Richard Pattisall, Book P page 54.

Everyone has Asa dying about 1802. Nope, he did not, but I believe he had by July of 1814 when Pattisall swore his oath. 

Now, take that in and I  follow with this deed. Book S Page 302. Dated Nov. 14, 1817, Nine years later. John Buchanon to Richard Buchanon, both of Anson, for the same price John paid, $500 for 500 acres on Featherbed Branch, beginning at that self-same hickory tree in Malachi Watts line, near the drain of Featherbed Branch, joining Wisdom, Chiles, Teal, JOHN 'FALCIONER' , Buchanon, Robert Jarman, except for that half an acres where 'the Meeting House stands' , includes the place where said John Buchanon lives. Signed John Buchanon and witnessed by Neil McLaurin and Alexander McRae, a couple of Scots.

In summary, John Buchanon had purchased the land and house from Asa Faulkner, where Asa was living in 1808, and nine years later in 1817, he sold that land, except for the half acre, where they had made themselves a little church, and now John Buchanon was living in that same house on that same land and sold it to Richard Buchanon.

I've got to try to figure out which church that may have been, if possible. But, look who is left. Asa must be dead by then if John is living in his house, the same names of neighbors are bordering, but there is John Faulkner. Elisha is gone, Elijah is gone, Job is gone and Asa is gone. All of the other names of Falkners shown in earlier deeds living on Featherbed Branch. Just John. Was this Jonathan that was connected closely to Nathan? The answer to me is clearly No. Jonathan has already moved to Tennessee. He was taxed there in 1812.

You might be interested in this previous post, which shows why Jonathan couldn't be John.

Recall from a previous post, these transcations involving Elisha (with an 'S') Faulkner. 

Elisha Faulkner File 5560 Pursuant to entry no. 926,date April 1, 1801. You are to lay off for Elisha Faulkner 500 acres adjoining Pleasant Mays on Morris Branch. July 1, 1801
Signed John Hattaway ET.

March 12, 1802  Surveyed for Elisha Forkner 500 acres in Anson Co. on head drains of Morrises Branch beginning at Pleasant Mays corner adjoing John Forkner, Asa Forkner, Will Wisdom and Chileses. Chain carriers Job Forkner, Francis Wisdom. Signed H. MarshallSur.

November 30, 1802 Elisha Forkner paid purchase money for 500 acres in Anson Co.
Signed J. Craven

Book 110 Page 234 Know ye that we have granted Elisha Forkner 500 acres in Anson Co. on drains of Morris’s Branch adjoining John Forkner, Bohannon, Asa Forkner, Wisdom and Chiles. Entered April 1, 1801 and granted Dec. 11, 1802 Signed Will White
Sec. J. Turner

There's the mention of the Wisdom, Buchanon (Bohannon) and Chiles families. There's ol' Pleasant May mentioned. John, Asa, Job and William Wisdom's son Francis is mentioned. 

Then there is this, which follows a n 1812 suit between Pleasant May and John Falkner. 

William Hammond, Sheriff, to Pleasant May

This Indenture made this 19th Day of Jany. in the year of out Lord 1825, Between William Hammond, Esqr., Sheriff for the County of Anson on the one part and May Pleasant May of same county on the other part, Whereas by virtue on execution issuing from  the County Court of Anson for the sum of sixteen pounds twelve shillings which said sum was recovered by Pleasant May against John Faulkener as on record of the said Court may appear - whereas the said execution was directed and delivered to John Jennings, Esqr., then sheriff of the County commanding him that of the goods and chattles land and tenmt. of the sd. John Faulkner  he should cause to be made the aforesaid sum of sixteen pounds twelve shillings to satify the said execution with the cost thereo and the sd. John Jennings Esqr. then sheriff as aforesaid in pursuance and by virtue of his office and the aforesaid execution did seize take into his hands and custody (no goods or chattels to be found) a certain piece or parcel of land situate lying and being in the sd county of Anson bounded as follows - Beggining at a Hickory. in Benjamin Buchanons line by two hickories and one white oak pointers runs No. 40 wt. 37 chains and 50 links to a black jack by three black jack pointer then So. 50 wt. 40 chains to  a stake then So. 40 E 37 chains and fifty links to a stake then direct to the beginning. Containing 150 acres land and the said John Jennings late Sheriff as aforesaid after due advertisement as according to law did cause the said piece or parcel of land with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging to be put to publick sale to the highest bidder on the 5th of October in the Year of our Lord 1804, at which time and place the aforesaid Pleasant May became the highest bidder at the sum of 16 pounds and 5 shillings for the said land and apputenances thereunto belonging - This Indenture Witnesseth that the said John Jennings late sheriff of the County aforesaid for and in consideration of the sum sixteen  pounds twelve shillings in hand paid by the said Pleasant May at and before the sealing and the signing of these presents the reciept whereof is hereby acknowledged he the said William Hammond Sheriff doth hereby bargain sell alien 'enfeoff' convey and confirm unto the said Pleasant May his heirs Execs Admins assigns forever all the aforesaid tenements and appurtenances with all rights titles claim or demand of and or unto the aforesaid peice or parcel of land with all the hereditaments and immoluments of the same belonging or anywise appurtaining. To have and to hold to him the said Pleasant May his heirs his Executors admins. and assigns forever, as in full and ample manner as he the said Sheriff is empowered by his office and further the said William Hammond Sheriff do hereby covenant promise and grant to end with the said Pleasant May his heirs execrs admins and assigns who shall and may from time to time and at all times hereafter have hold occupy possess and enjoy the said premises with all the appurtenances free and clear of and from all incumbrances had done made or committed by him the said William Hammond sheriff or by his order means or procurement and that he the said William Hammond sheriff will warrant and defend the same to  Pleasant May his heirs Exects Admins and assigns so far as his office as Sheriff and no further. In Witness whereof the said William Hammond Sheriff of the County aforesaid hereunto set and seal his hand unto the day and year above written. Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presence of 

Boggan Cash                                                        signed William Hammond Sh (seal)
Martin Pickett
No Carolina Anson County July Session 1815
Duly acknowledged in open Court and ordered to be registered

                                                Tod Robinson (clk)

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