Friday, November 21, 2014

The History of the South

While many of my ancient ancestors landed in the Northern Colonies, and then drifted south, I am intrinsincly a Southern gal. My ancestors, both Native and Imported, all took root below the Mason-Dixon line. Anything that pertains to the history and origins of the Southern states fascinates me.

One legend that keeps me haunted is that of the Lost Colony. Having discovered that one branch of my family tree goes back to a group of people referred to as "Croatans" in the mid-1800's, who are what we now know as Lumbee, a tribe of  North Carolina Native Americans, described by Scots coming in to the area of the Lumber River from the Cumberland area as "mixt", some with 'gray' eyes and the appearance of a mixed heritage, using building styles and methods more in common with the English than other Native Americans the Scots had encountered and even having names and some words that were of English origin.

The long-held story, passed down from generation to generation, through the Lumbee Tribe, was that they were descended from the 'Lost Colony" and the Croatan, Hatteras and Roanoke area ancient tribes. And it all makes sense.



Over time, while holding their culture and Native American inheritance at its core, the tribe intermarried and exchanged genes with the peoples surrounding them, and attempted to 'go with the flow' of the American and European lifestyles. They intermarried with the Scots who settled the Sandhills areas, and with freed, escaped and former slaves and also with remnants of other decimated Native American tribes, the Creek and Tuscarora in particular.

Lumbee's Legend of the Lost Colony





Recently, in a study of old maps, historians and archeologists believe they have found evidence of an inland fort where the colonists may have settled.
Location, location, location: Roanoke Island is located just off what is now the state of North Carolina (seen in this 16th century map in red). The area of recent interest is the section at the left centre of the map where the two rivers meet
I find this terribly exciting. At the fork of the two rivers, to the left of the western-most ship in the illustration, is a 'patched' area. Forensics show that the patch covered the location and illustration of a fort, and that this fort could have been the settlement of the Lost Colony.

Radar Imagery shows buildings that could be Lost Colony Fort


Could it have been that the surviving colonists and the friendly tribe escaped warring tribes by locating inland and building a fort? That they did not disappear, but intermix with the tribe and later migrate futher inland still, further away from colonization and activity on the coast?




While it would be a difficult task, considering their historic multi-racial heritage, could not some institution or university undertake the task of genetic testing of not only the modern Lumbee, but also known English or American of the same family lines that took part in the Colony. Was the daughter of  Captain White, to whom the first English child "Virginia Dare", was born in America, his only child? Did not any of the colonists leave siblings and other blood relatives in England whose descendants either remained there, or migrated at a latter date, on which DNA testing could be done?










Map prepared by John Herbert

In 1754, explorers and settlers report a settlement of 50 families living on Drowning Creek, which is now known as the Lumber River. This is in the area of Robeson and Sampson Counties where the greatest concentration of Lumbee still remain.


But the Lost Colony is not the only area of the South in which modern technology in comparison to the study of old maps is making discoveries of previously unrecognized settlement.

Note that while Europeans called the Southern Highlands, the Appalachian Mountains, Natives called the region, Paian - a Peruvian word.

French maps and studies have also revealed an English fort that existed in the 1600's in Georgia, pre-dating Jamestown, in which a "handful of  survivors of the Roanoke Colony arrived in 1591" and also that a ship of English colonists bound for Virginia, but who instead sailed south, due to smallpox and hostile natives, arrived in 1621.

Lost English Settlement in Georgia revealed by the French


The Lost Kingdom of Apalache

The above links explain this lost history of Georgia, but this isn't the only tale of early British settlers in America being forgotten. There is the whole story of the Welsh Prince Madoc, his arrival with a colony to Alabama, and the history of the Mandan Indians. Will DNA help solve some of our History Mysteries? Only time will tell.

The Legend of Prince Madoc


Fort Mountain Georgia, Madoc's Fort?


Thursday, November 20, 2014

The Dower of Motlina Starnes

Motlina, or Magdalena Starnes, was the widow of Frederick Starnes, "Junior" as some have him pegged, but he also had cousins named Frederick Starnes, predecessors named Frederick Starnes and a son and grandson and great-grandsons named Frederick Starnes.  To designate the correct Frederick Starnes, we have to insinuate his birth and death dates, his location, and also his wife.

This particular Frederick Starnes was born probably in Mecklenburg County, possibly in the section that became Cabarrus, in about 1772. He was the son of Captain John Starnes, a Revolutionary War soldier, who is honored with a monument at St. John's Lutheran Church, near Mount Pleasant, in Cabarrus County, North Carolina. St. John's has a long and very German history.

History of St. John's Church


Frederick Starnes married Madeline "Motlina" Kline or Cline in Cabarrus County on July 3, 1794.

Name:Frederick Starnes
Gender:Male
Spouse:Madlene Kline
Spouse Gender:Female
Bond Date:3 Jul 1794
Bond #:000010208
Level Info:North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868
ImageNum:004551
County:Cabarrus
Record #:02 187
Bondsman:Joseph X Starns; Herman Myer Ger
Witness:John Simianer

The below is their actual marriage bond.

Marriage Bond of Frederick Starnes and Magdaline Cline


Motlina appears in only one census, the 1850 census, as this is the first one to name women, children and those other than Heads of Household. It was also her and her husband's last census, due to their advanced age.


Name:Frederick Starnes
Age:75
Birth Year:abt 1775
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1850:Union, North Carolina
Gender:Male
Family Number:1416
Household Members:
NameAge
Frederick Starnes75
Matlina Starnes74
She was the daughter of  Michael Cline and Anna Catherine Schuffert Cline. Michael Cline was born in May, 1725 in Alace, Germany. His wife, Anna Catherine was from Lorraine, Germany. They were married on Beiber Creek, Rockland Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania in 1750. The couple made their way to the ColdWater area of Cabarrus County, North Carolina and are buried at Coldwater Lutheran Church. 

Cold Water Lutheran Church Cemetery

Frederick Starnes and Motlina Cline Starnes had 10 to 12 children. This is still being researched. They raised their family in Union County, North Carolina, which was part of Mecklenburg unitl 1842, and a Starnes enclave.




There are no known portraits of Frederick Starnes, but the above is a photo of John Starnes, brother of Frederick.

Frederick's predated his wife's by three years, she passing in 1855. The session of court determining her dower, or share of her husbands estate, meant  to maintain her for a short period of time, was held in Union County, North Carolina, during the January term of 1852.

"On the petition of Motlina Starnes, widow of Fred Starnes, dec'd.....ordered by the court...John Stewart, esq. , Alexander M. Nisbet, Eli O. Richardson, and James E. Irby, Freeholders, ...lay off and alot to the said widow and her family."

October Term 1852
"We.....proceded to view the estate of Frederick Starnes...to Motlena Stares, widow + relict..."12 bushes of corn, 1 pr ve $900 , 1 Barrel flower or $600,  five dollars worth of sugar and coffee, one bushel salt,  $5 for molasses and 'sprang', choice cow and calf, 140 lb pork, one bed and furniture, one wheel and one pair of cards,  as her absolute property, all of which is respectfully submitted, under our hands and seals, this 16 September, 1852.

John Stewart, JP
A M Nesbet
J E Irby
Eli D Richardson


Third Page:

State of North Carolina, Union County

The petition of Motlena (alias Mary) Starnes, widow and relict of Frederich Starnes, decd. ...that about the First of year 1851, Frederick Starnes departed this life intestate, leaving your petitioner his widow unprovided for...S H Walkup, attny for petitioner...

Motlina would pass in 1855 and be buried with her husband at the Starnes family cemetery in Union County, NC.
Magdaline <i>Cline</i> Starnes





Find-a-Grave Link for Frederick Starnes




Thursday, November 13, 2014

The Descendants of Ephraim Starnes

In my previous post, titled "Ephraim Starnes", my focus was his connection to a William Byram, who might be my ancestor, but I neglected to explain much about the descendants of Ephraim Starnes, for the benefit of those who are descended from him.

To have been someone who perished in the Civil War, Ephraim really does not have that many descendants, not as many as others of his era.


Pvt Ephraim Starnes
Ephraim Starnes was born about 1822 in the section of Mecklenburg County, NC, that became Union County in 1842. Family researchers have him pegged as being the son of Charles and Elizabeth Starnes, however, this is something I've not looked into, so I can't testify as to it's authenticity.

Indeed, the Rev. Charles Starnes was the ministered who performed the ceremony to marry Ephraim Starnes and his wife Nancy E. Holden, daughter of Samuel Holden.

The Monroe Journal link. Ephraim's marriage listing.
Name:Ephram Starnes
Gender:Male
Race:White
Spouse:Nancy Holden
Spouse Gender:Female
Spouse Race:White
Marriage Date:1859
Marriage County:Union
Marriage State:North Carolina
Ephraim and Nancy would have four children:

1) August 22, 1855  John Robertson Starnes
2) January 25, 1857 Doctor Franklin Starnes (Doctor being the name, not a title. Sometimes seen as David.
3) April 12, 1864 Susan Jane Starnes
4) December, 1865 Sarah Ardine "Denie" Starnes

Ephraim Starnes passed away on January 12, 1865 at Elmira Prison Camp in New York. The tale of his widow and fatherless children echo of many of the times.

Pvt Ephraim StarnesResidence: Union Co,NC. Enlistment age-43

Enlisted: Sep 24,1863 at Union Co,NC.

Mustered into Co "H" 30th NC Infantry. Died of disease while a POW at Elmira Prison,NY.

Listed:
POW May 12,1864 at Spotsylvania C.H.,VA.
Confined May 18,1864 at Point Lookout,MD.
Transferred Aug 10,1864 to Elmira Prison,NY. 

Above information from "Find-a-Grave.com"

John Robertson Starnes

Born 1855 and shows up first in the 1860 census with his parents and younger brother. 

Name:John R Starnes
Age in 1860:4
Birth Year:abt 1856
Home in 1860:Union, North Carolina
Gender:Male
Post Office:Monroe
Value of real estate:View image
Household Members:
NameAge
Ephreim Starnes35
Nancy Starnes35
John R Starnes4
Or Franklin Starnes1
The family is not to be found in the 1870 census and in 1871, Sixteen year old "Bob" marries Hannah Melton, age 18, daughter of John and Emmaline Montgomery Melton. 
Name:Robertson Sterns
Age:23
Birth Year:abt 1857
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1880:Buford, Union, North Carolina
Race:White
Gender:Male
Relation to Head of House:Son
Marital Status:Married
Spouse's Name:Hannah Sterns
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's name:Nancy Sterns
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Neighbors:View others on page
Occupation:Farms
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and Dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:
Household Members:
NameAge
Nancy Sterns49
Robertson Sterns23
Hannah Sterns22
Mary Sterns5m
Sarah A. Sterns16
Susan Sterns19
The 1880 census show him living in his mother's household with his wife, firstborn daughter, Mary and his two younger sisters, Susan and Sarah. 

By 1900, the family has relocated to Gill's Creek in Lancaster County, South Carolina. In additon to Bob and Hannah, chidren Thomas, Maggie, Blanch, and Bob Lee Starnes, along with oldest daughter Mary A. and her husband Joe Knight. Andrew Bowers is a boarder.

John R Starnes53
Hannah Starnes52
Lee Starnes18
Lilian E Starnes8
Joe C Knight30
Almetta Knight26
Carlton Knight8
Joe Knight0
In 1910, Bob and Hannah have Lee and Lillian left at home, along with oldest daughter, Mary Almetta, husband Joe and 2 sons. 
Name:Bob Starnes
[Bab Starnes] 
[Bob Stevens] 
Age:65
Birth Year:abt 1855
Birthplace:South Carolina
Home in 1920:Rock Hill, York, South Carolina
Street:Aragon Mill Village
Race:White
Gender:Male
Relation to Head of House:Head
Marital Status:Married
Spouse's Name:Hannah Starnes
Father's Birthplace:South Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:South Carolina
Occupation:Card room
Industry:Cotton Mill
Employment Field:Wage or Salary
Home Owned or Rented:Rent
Naturalization Status:Naturalized
Able to Read:Yes
Able to Write:Yes
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
Bob Starnes65
Hannah Starnes60
Lillian Starnes18
By 1920, the family had moved from Gill's Creek in Lancaster County, SC to Rock Hill in York County, SC. Bob is working in the card room of a Cotton Mill and only Lillian is left at home. 
Name:Robert Stornes
[Robert Starnes] 
Gender:Male
Birth Year:abt 1857
Birthplace:North Carolina
Race:White
Home in 1930:Gills Creek, Lancaster, South Carolina
Map of Home:View Map
Marital Status:Married
Relation to Head of House:Head
Spouse's Name:Hanah Stornes
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Occupation:
Education:
Military service:
Rent/home value:
Age at first marriage:
Parents' birthplace
:
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
Robert Stornes73
Hanah Stornes73
John Carpenter27
Lillian Carpenter27
The 1930 census was Bob's last. The family has returned to Gill's Creek by 1935  and Bob's profession is listed as "farmer" and his family as farm labor. His son-in-law, John Carpenter and daughter Lillian are in the household. According to the records, Bob died in Rock Hill, York County, NC and was taken back to Gill's Creek to be buried. He died on March 23, 1936 at the age of 86.

John and Hannah Melton Starnes had 7 children:

1) Mary Almetta Starnes Knight (1879-1962) Married Joseph Cecil Knigth. Died in Morganton, Burke County, NC of bronchiopnuemonia. Buried in Gill's Creek, Lancaster, SC. 3 sons, Carlton B., Joseph Cecil, and James.
2) William Phillip Starnes (1880-1949) Married Floy Morrow. 9 Children: Connie Lewis, Irene Leclair, Helen Inez, Virginia Lee, Floy Morrow, Mary, Harry Pratt, Talmadge, Elizabeth. 

3) Thomas Frank Starnes (1882-1949) Died of TB. Spouse unknown. 

4)Margaret "Maggie" Starnes Threatt (1887-1965) Married Oscar H. Threatt. 8 Children: Theodore Roosevelt, Velma E. , Katie Lee, Clyborn, Maybelle, Ruth, Robert Lloyd and Margaret Elizabeth "Bettie". 
5) Blanche Starnes Knight (1890-1979) Married James Hunter Knight. 8 Children: J. Edgar, Callie E (a son), Cletus Britton, Hazel H (also a son), Bertha, O V (a son, died as an infant),  Dorothy Doris Lee, James Blanche (a son). 
6) Robert "Bob Lee" Starnes (1894-1980) Married Lula Mae McManus. 5 Children: Ruth Aretta (died young), Lucille, Hubert Ordway, Sybil, Robert Lawton.

7) Lillian Oneda Starnes Carpenter (1901-1994) Married John William Carpenter. 3 Children: Robert Ray, Nancy, Jerry Ann (son). 

Doctor (or David) Franklin Starnes

Born in 1857 and first shows up in the 1860 census with his parents and older brother. "Or" is a transcription error. The actual document shows "Dr". Doctor was a common Christian or first name in the later half of the 19th century as children were named for the doctor who aided in their delivery, oftentimes saving their lives, and sometimes with little or no compensation. Not certain who Doctor Franklin, the original, may have been. 

Name:Or Franklin Starnes
Age in 1860:1
Birth Year:abt 1859
Home in 1860:Union, North Carolina
Gender:Male
Post Office:Monroe
Value of real estate:View image
Household Members:
NameAge
Ephreim Starnes35
Nancy Starnes35
John R Starnes4
Or Franklin Starnes1
He married Margaret Louise Plyler in 1880 and shows up with her in the 1880 census. Maggie was the daughter of Doctor Henderson "Doc B" Plyer and Mary Isabella Caskey Plyler. 
Name:Franklin Starns
Age:22
Birth Year:abt 1858
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1880:Waxhaw, Lancaster, South Carolina
Race:White
Gender:Male
Relation to Head of House:Self (Head)
Marital Status:Married
Spouse's Name:M ... Starns
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Neighbors:View others on page
Occupation:Farm Laborer
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and Dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:
Household Members:
NameAge
Franklin Starns22
M ... Starns22
In 1910, the family is living in Waxhaw, Lancaster County, SC.
By 1920, Maggie has passed and D. F. Starnes is living with his daughter. 

Name:D F St?Rnes
[D F Sternes] 
[D F Starnes] 
Age:62
Birth Year:abt 1858
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1920:Waxhaw, Lancaster, South Carolina
House Number:Farm
Race:White
Gender:Male
Relation to Head of House:Father-in-law
Marital Status:Married
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Occupation:Farmer
Industry:General Farm
Employment Field:Own Account
Able to Read:Yes
Able to Write:Yes
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
E N Courtney31
Lula Courtney22
Clelia Courtney5
Louise Courtney3
[3 1/12] 
E N Courtney0
[2/12] 
D F St?Rnes62


David Franklin Starnes family
Doctor Franklin and Maggie Starnes family



D. F. Starnes died on October 25, 1925 in Monroe, NC, but made his home and raised his family in the Van Wyke community, Lancaster County, SC.

He and Maggie raised 7 children:

1) Doctor Barber Starnes (1882-1940)
2) Clyde J Starnes (1885-1952)
3) Walter Alexander Starnes (1887-1944)
4)Hazel Henry Starnes (1889-1958)
5)Frederick "Fred" Franklin Starnes (1892-1960)
6) Azilee Starnes Herring (1894-1964)
7) Lula Blanche Starnes Courtney (1895-1966) Married Ernest Nebraska Courtney. 2 sons: Earnest Newton and Dock Bernard.

Sarah Ardene "Denie" Starnes Craig
Records show Denie as being born in December of 1865 or even 1866. 

She first shows up in the 1880 census with her mother, sister Susan, brother John R. and his young family.
Name:Sarah A. Sterns
Age:16
Birth Year:abt 1864
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1880:Buford, Union, North Carolina
Race:White
Gender:Female
Relation to Head of House:Daughter
Marital Status:Single
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's name:Nancy Sterns
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Neighbors:View others on page
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and Dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:
Household Members:
NameAge
Nancy Sterns49
Robertson Sterns23
Hannah Sterns22
Mary Sterns5m
Sarah A. Sterns16
Susan Sterns19

In 1882, at the age of  17, Sarah Ardene married George W. Craig.
By the 1900 census, their 4 children were born. 

Name:Sarah A Craig
Age:35
Birth Date:Oct 1864
Birthplace:South Carolina
Home in 1900:Gills Creek, Lancaster, South Carolina
Race:White
Gender:Female
Relation to Head of House:Wife
Marital Status:Married
Spouse's Name:George W Craig
Marriage Year:1882
Years Married:18
Father's Birthplace:South Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:South Carolina
Mother: number of living children:4
Mother: How many children:6
Occupation:View on Image
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
George W Craig43
Sarah A Craig35
Judge A Craig13
John R Craig11
Lonny L Craig9
Thomas H Craig5
The 1910 census leads to a bit of confusion. Son John Robert Craig is listed twice, once ahead of his brothers, then again, ahead of his wife and daughter. 


Name:Denie Craig
Age in 1910:41
Birth Year:abt 1869
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1910:Gills Creek, Lancaster, South Carolina
Race:White
Gender:Female
Relation to Head of House:Wife
Marital Status:Married
Spouse's Name:George Craig
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
George Craig54
Denie Craig41
Juddie Craig23
Robert Craig22
Lonnie Craig17
Hasel Craig14
Robert Craig22
Perine Craig22
Sulie Craig3
By 1920, George and Denie had an empty nest. 
Name:Sarah A Craig
Age:52
Birth Year:abt 1868
Birthplace:South Carolina
Home in 1920:Gills Creek, Lancaster, South Carolina
Street:Brooklyn Street
Race:White
Gender:Female
Relation to Head of House:Wife
Marital Status:Married
Spouse's Name:George W Craig
Father's Birthplace:South Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:South Carolina
Able to Read:Yes
Able to Write:No
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
George W Craig64
Sarah A Craig52
By 1930, Sarah Ardene was living in the home of her son Hazel. Hazel was a very common name for sons amongst this family. I have not tracked the source of the first Hazel. There is a Hazeltine Starnes in the Starnes family tree, born on 1858 in Rowan County. Perhaps there is a connection to an earlier male Hazel or Hazeltine Starnes in this family line. 

Sarah Ardene Starnes died on Feb 23, 1936 in York County, South Carolina. She and George W. Craig had 4 sons.

1)Judson (or Judge) Allen Craig (1886-1956)
2) John Robert Craig (named for uncle?) (1888-1962) Married Perine "Perry" Adams
3) Lonnie Lee Craig (1890-1917) Died at age 26 of pellagra.
4) Thomas Hazel Craig (1894-1950) 

Susan Jane Starnes

Susan or "Susie" was the most difficult of the family to trace. She was born on April 12, 1864. The dates of birth of both Starnes daughters are a bit of a mystery. According to the military records of Ephraim Starnes, he was imprisoned a month after the birth of Susie, having enlisted on September 24, 1863, he left Nancy just a few months pregnant with Susan Jane. Her younger sister, Sarah Ardene Starnes was born 11 months after Ephraims death. 

Her first appearance was in the 1880 census, listed above in her siblings profiles as a teenager. 

By 1900, she has had two children, her only two, and is living with her mother Nancy, the last census that Nancy appears in. A mystery couple are also listed in the home, possibly boarders. 
Name:Susan J Sturnes
[Susan J Starnes] 
Age:30
Birth Date:Apr 1870
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1900:Gills Creek, Lancaster, South Carolina
Race:White
Gender:Female
Relation to Head of House:Daughter
Marital Status:Single
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's name:Nancy E Sturnes
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother: number of living children:2
Mother: How many children:2
Occupation:View on Image
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
Nancy E Sturnes65
Susan J Sturnes30
Ray Sturnes12
Nannie H Sturnes8
Thomas E Estudy45
Mary A Estudy45
 The 1910 Starnes is nearly wholly incorrect, but with research, I figured it out. 

Name:Susan Starnes
Age in 1910:42
Birth Year:abt 1868
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1910:Cane Creek, Lancaster, South Carolina
Race:White
Gender:Female
Relation to Head of House:Head
Marital Status:Widowed
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
Susan Starnes42
Hoy Starnes22
Nettie Starnes20
Pearl Starnes1
David Starnes18
Nannie Starnes16
[10] 
J D Starnes2
Hoy is her son Hoyt Edgar Starnes, Nettie is his wife Jeanetta and Pearl is their oldest daughter and this group were Starnse. David is not a son, but a son-in-law and his last name was Deese. Nannie is daughter Nannie Helen Starnes and their oldest son J D Dees. J D became and important tool in linking this family altogether.

Name:Susie Thomas
[Susie Karnes] 
[Susie Storner] 
Age:53
Birth Year:abt 1867
Birthplace:North Carolina
Home in 1920:Cane Creek, Lancaster, South Carolina
Street:Midway Street
Race:White
Gender:Female
Relation to Head of House:Head
Marital Status:Widowed
[Widow] 
Father's Birthplace:North Carolina
Mother's Birthplace:North Carolina
Able to Read:Yes
Able to Write:Yes
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
Susie Thomas53
Otis Thomas31
Nettie Thomas29
Pearl Thomas11
Foster Thomas8
Louise Thomas6
Margie Thomas3
[3 4/12] 
Lonnie Thomas1
[1 10/12] 
J D Dees10
Mary Belle Dees7
Hellen Dees2
[2 10/12] 
Emil Bullman28
Pearl Bullman18
Dexter Roads37
Ada Green40
I don't believe I would have been able to find either Susan or Hoyt in the 1920 census if it were not for J D Dees and his sisters. In finding him, and his two younger sisters, I looked up and noticed that the names of the children in the "Thomas" family matched the names of their first cousins, their Uncle Hoyt Edgar Starnes, and his wife Nettie. And certainly, their mother was named Nettie. Then, J D and his sibling were listed as grandchildren of "Susie Thomas"...could it be Susan? So, I went directly to the original document. And there it was, it said "Starnes" and "Otis" was actually "Hoyt". The census taker had overlined the "T" and "A" in Starnes, and nearly obliterated the "S". The only clear part of the name was the "nes" at the end, and in the barely legible script, the transcriber must have thought he or she saw "Thomas". The transcribers are not from the area and thus, not familiar with the common names of the locality. It's always a benefit to help correct these errors if you are sifting through the scanned originals and know the local family names are incorrect, like "Belt" for "Belk" or "Stames" for "Starnes". It doesn't change them completely, it just gives the next researcher another option and if they are searching for the name in its correct spelling, it will pop up as a possibiltiy. 

So, in 1920, Susan J Starnes is living in the community of Cane Creek on Midway Road. She is listed as a widow despite having never married. This must be confusing to those trying to climb up the family tree. Families often bent the truth in order to save face in those days. The truth is that nowhere are the names of her children's father or father listed in documents. She can read and write and she is taking in boarders, as well as raising her daughters 3 children. Hoyt and his wife Nettie are working in the Cotton Mill. Their children Pearl, Foster and Louise, along with his sister Nannie Helen's two older children, J D and Maybelle, are attending school. Margie is only 3 and Lonnie only a year old, and the youngest Deese, Helen, only 2. 

Of the boarders, Emil Bullman is a Carpenter, while his wife does not work. Dexter Rhodes is a Contractor, building homes, and Ada Green works in the cotton mill. 

In fact, nearly the entirety of Ephraim Starnes descendant were Cotton Mill workers between the late 1800's and the 1940's. This industry sustained them, and in the case of many of them, may also have shorten their lives. 

Cane Creek was in and about the city of Lancaster and Midway dead south of it. 

Susan Jane Starnes would not live long past this last census. She died on July 12, 1924 of pulminary TB. Her son, H. E. Starnes was the informant, and had the names of his grandparents correct. She was 60 years, 7 months and 10 days old. Bass Furniture Company was the undertaker. It was not unusual for those who built househole furniture to also build caskets in those days, and they went all the way into undertaking at the same time. 



The above is just a few examples of this trade that would be considered bizarre today. 

Hoyt Edgar Starnes, only son of Susan, married Jeanetty Estelle Rorie, daughter of Robert James and Laura Miller Rorie, of Chesterfield, South Carolina. 


His 1918 Draft Registration shows him as being Short in stature, of medium build, with dark hair and dark eyes, having a wife, 4 children and a mother in his care. 

Hoyt and Nettie had the following children:

1) 1908 - 2002 Pearl Lee Starnes, Married Earnest George Ivey.
2) 1911 - 1997 Willie Foster Starnes. Married Lillian Mae Culberson
3) 1913 - 1997 Louise Janie Starnes. Married Elva Easton Thomas
4) 1917-1910 Marjorie Helen Starnes aka "Margie". Married 1st: Thomas C. Dixon. Married 2nd Harvey Keller.
Margie <i>Starnes</i> Keller

5) Lonnie Lee Starnes 1918 - 1997. Married 1st Nannie Doris Holemsback. Married 2nd Tiny Florence Tew.
6) 1921 - 1993 Melton Hoyt Starnes. Married Lula Frances Clayton.

Melton Hoyt Starnes


Name:Hoy E Stames
Respondent:Yes
Age:54
Estimated Birth Year:abt 1886
Gender:Male
Race:White
Birthplace:South Carolina
Marital Status:Married
Relation to Head of House:Head
Home in 1940:Faucette, Alamance, North Carolina
Map of Home in 1940:View Map
Street:Hopedale Road
Farm:No
Inferred Residence in 1935:Faucette, Alamance, North Carolina
Residence in 1935:Same House
Sheet Number:30A
Number of Household in Order of Visitation:503
Occupation:Section Hand
House Owned or Rented:Owned
Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented:300
Attended School or College:No
Highest Grade Completed:Elementary school, 5th grade
Hours Worked Week Prior to Census:24
Class of Worker:Wage or salary worker in private work
Weeks Worked in 1939:20
Income:240
Income Other Sources:No
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
Hoy E Stames54
Nettie Stames52
Melon Stames19
Hoyt Edgar Starnes relocated to Burlington in Alamance County, NC and raised his family there. He passed away on January 11, 1961 at the age of 73. His death certificate gives his father as H. E. Starnes and his mother as Susie Cole. The informant was daughter, Mrs. T. C. Dixon (Margie). This was incorrect, Susan was never married and never a Cole, and there was never a Hoyt E. Starnes, Sr. However, could this have been a hint to the truth? Was Hoyt's father a Cole? Was H. E. his fathers initials? There was a Cole family in the area at the time. 

I skipped the 1930 census for one reason, to backtrack. Hoyt E. Starnes raised not only his own 6 children, but his sisters 3 children. What happened to Nannie Helen Starnes? 


Nannie Helen Starnes died on October 26, 1918 at the age of 23 of pnuemonia and influenza. Those two diseases were terribly deadly at that time. She was a cotton mill worker and her mother was given as Susie Starnes and her father as unknown. The informant was her cousin Hazel Craig. 
Nannie Helen Starnes married an orphan, David L. Deese. David Deese turned his 3 children over to his wife's family and went on about his life. He remarried, likely twice, and was a Car repairer. Born in Chester, he returned to Chester and died in 1937 of TB. 

Name:David L Deese
Birth Date:1885
Gender:Male
Race:White
Death Date:2 Apr 1937
Age at Death:52
Death Place:Chester, South Carolina
Cause of Death:231
Certificate Number:005053
Volume Number:11
The three children of Nannie and David were:

1) James D Deese 1908-1939, never married. He died a young man of ulcerated colitis, and had to be hospitalized at the Sanitorium in Black Mountain, NC. Also a textile worker, he was only 31 years old. 

2) Maybelle Deese, 1912 - 1987 married Johnie Monroe Staley, daughter Helen Marie Staley

3) Helen Grace Deese 1917 - 1990 married Henry Clayton McCaskill 4 children: Donald, David Lee, William Paul and Deborah Leigh McCaskill.