Saturday, June 8, 2024

Can I get a Witness?

Edmund Green Lynch left even less information on himself than his younger brother, John W. Lynch, who only survived life until his early 30's. I believe Green, as he was called, made it well into his 50's, at least, leaving very little information on himself. Edmund Green Lynch was the son of Phillip Lynch, who first settled in an area that was in Anson County, and became part of Montgomery in 1779, then far after Phillips death in 1807, that area would become part of Stanly County. He then moved to the south side of the Rocky River, in what was and would remain, Anson County, North Carolina. His property bordered the old Peter Winfield Plantation, so heirs and inlaws of Peter Winfield were among his neighbors, as were Hogans, Ropers, Lees, Marshalls, Robinsons and Robertsons, Verhines and Ramsey's, and Davis's. And that is why I began giving the Lynch family a closer look. 

The first mention of Edmund Green Lynch was in his father's will. 

"Item I give to my son Green Lynch the upper part of my plantation between the land I lent my wife and William Marshalls supposed to be one hundred acres also forty I purchased of Green Roper, also the land I lent to my wife at her death all the said land to him and His heirs forever. Also I give to my son Green on Negroe man Named Daniel one Gray mare called.... his bed and furniture to him.

In 1810, Elizabeth Lynch, the widow of Phillip Lynch, appears as Head of Household, all of her children are still living with her, with the exception of Sarah, who was already married by then and the only child born before 1790. 

NameElizabeth Linch
Residence Date6 Aug 1810
Residence PlaceAnson, North Carolina, USA
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 151 John W Lynch
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 251 Edmund G. Lynch
Free White Persons - Females - Under 102 Nancy and Bety
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 151 Catey 
Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 441 Elizabeth Lynch, widow
Number of Enslaved Persons3
Number of Household Members Under 164
Number of Household Members Over 251
Number of Household Members9

Knowing that John W. Lynch was born in 1799 by his tombstone, located in Autauga County, Alabama, meaning he was only 11 in 1810, Green would be the male aged 16 to 25, closer to 16 than 25, however. Elizabeth was under 44 and as Sarah "Sally" Lynch was not married in 1807, this narrows the year of her wedding to between 1807 and 1810.

In 1814, when I believe Edmund Green Lynch may have turned 21, he begins what I have referred to as his career as a witness. His most numerous appearances in records of any kind, was as a witness to deeds and other recorded transactions, so many and so often, I haven't even included them all.

He seems to have been a persistent voyeur of the legal process, perhaps feeling a Sehnsucht for the legal profession. I imagine him suited and eager, among a group of men pallying,  around the old log courthouse, feeling the frisson of the wait for proceedings to begin. 

On November 8, 1814, Edmund G. Lynch and Levi Braswell both witnessed a transfer of property between William and Stephen Hyde to Smith Medley. It was signed by William, Stephen and Susannah Hyde and proven in 1819 by the oath of Green Lynch. This property was located on Jones Creek, no where close to where the Lynches lived, and the names were not among any of the neighbors or associated families of the Lynches. 

On April 5, 1814, Edmund G. Lynch and Richard Stone were chain carriers for a sale of Will Stone to William Wall. This was a tract of land formerly sold to William Johnson from Jane Nesbit. It was located about a mile and half from the Rocky River. 

Two years later, Edmund G. Lynch, was the only witness to the April 29, 1816 sale of a little girl named Araminta, described as being between 10 and 11 years old, and a mulatto, or of mixed race. She was sold by Malcolm Smith to Thomas Billingsley. The transaction was signed by 'Macom' Smith and Daniel McAuley, whose part in the deal is uncertain. This was found in Book R, page 322 of Anson County Deeds.

In Deed book S, pages 211 & 212, are three separate transactions witnessed by Edmond G. Lynch. Was he just hanging around the courthouse? Was there a reason he was there? He wasn't family to any of the parties, as I could tell. Could he have been serving as an aide to a Magistrate or Clerk ? Was he training or did he fill an office of some kind? I wonder.  

In the first of these three, dated October 24, 1816, Thomas Lacy of Hickman County, Tennesee to Burwell Benton of Anson County, NC,  sold 2/8ths of the following tracts, a) 108 acres, b) 100 acres,  c) 300 acres, d) 67 acres, e) 50 acres, f) 200 acres and g) 150 acres and his sister Lucretia Ross's part of the land of Griffith Lacy, deceased. It was signed by Thomas Lacy and witnessed by Edmund G. Lynch and Jesse Caudle. Proven in 1818 by the oath of Edmund G. Lynch.

The second transaction, related to the first, but dated January 2, 1818 was between Thomas Webb of Anson County to Benton Burwell, 3/13ths on Lanes's Creek being his part and James and David Webb's parts of the lands of  Griffith Lacy, deceased, "descended to me from my mother and being her part of an eighth of Griffith Lacy's land, being 1047 acres". Witnessed by Edmund G Lynch and W. R. Benton.

The third, involving the same family, was dated October 24, 1816, this time with Stephen Lacy of Hickman County, Tennesee,  selling to the same Burwell Benton, one eighth of the same acreage listed in the first by his brother, Thomas Lacy, and one eighth share of the lands of Griffith Lacy, deceased. Witnessed by Edmund G. Lynch and Jesse Caudle.  

There was a fourth deed following, on the very same page, Book S, page 212, involving Burwell Benton and the lands of Griffith Lacy on Lacy's Branch, but no mention of Green Lynch in this one. These indicate that the estate of Griffith Lacy had been divided into eight sections and one of those sections into 13 sections. Thomas and Stephen were probably sons of Griffith, getting one eighth share apiece and Lucretia Ross a daughter. Another daughter seems to have married a Webb and she being deceased, her share would have went to her children, the Webb brothers being grandchildren. There were obviously 4 other shares for heirs unaccounted for in these three deeds. 

On October 17, 1817, Burwell Benton and Edmund G. Lynch witnessed a deed together, a transaction between John Meggs Sr. and  Hezekiah Haney involving 300 acres on Levan's Branch bordering neighbors Isham Saint, Sturdivant and Elias Preslar, Book T, Page 202.

In Book S, pages 448 and 449, he was still involved with Burwell  Benton and back in the Lacey transactions.
August 19, 1818 find Burwell Benton of Anson County selling 1047 acres to Elias Billingsley of Montgomery County, NC on both sides of Lane's Creek, formerly owned by Griffith Lacy and being half of the land he owned when he died.  This was described as the shares of Thomas Lacy, Stephen Lacy, Hugh Ross (remember Lucretia Ross?), Thomas Webb, Joseph Webb, Sherling Webb and William Webb, from Griffith Lacy's land. Witnesses were Reuben White and Edmund G. Lynch. Proved in 1820 by the oath of Edmund Lynch.

If I were researching Lacey's, I would be tickled to have found those transactions, but alas. It's easy to see Hugh Ross was most likely Lucretia's husband, he had to be, as it was her share that was sold and they added another Webb to the mix. 

The second deed was again involving Burwell Benton and Elias Billingsley and Edmund was the only witness. It mentions crossing a new road and Lacy's Branch. Lacy's Branch must have ran off of Lanes' Creek. 

NameEdmond G Lynch
Enumeration Date7 Aug 1820
Home in 1820 (City, County, State)Coppedge, Anson, North Carolina, USA
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 251 Edmund Green Lynch
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 151 Youngest sister, probably Betsy
Free White Persons - Females - 45 and over1 Elizabeth Lynch
Slaves - Males - Under 141
Slaves - Females - Under 141
Slaves - Females - 14 thru 251
Slaves - Females - 26 thru 441
Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture5
Free White Persons - Under 161
Free White Persons - Over 251
Total Free White Persons3
Total Slaves4
Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other7

In 1820, Edmund G. Lynch shows up as Head of Household. He has to be male between 16 and 25, as he was last time, this time closer to 25. These two records pretty much nail his year of birth to 1794/1795. The older female must have been his mother, Elizabeth and the young girl between 10 and 15 must have been the youngest sister, to my estimations, Betsy, as Nancy would have been married as her son, James, was born in 1818, while Betsy's oldest wasn't born until 1828. The family lived in Coppedge Township. As this one was more or less in alphabetical order, divided by Township, there was no way to account for neighbors. 

In Book U page 247, the Hydes are back. December 7, 1820 William Hyde sells to Thomas Avett 438 acres that include a spring and borders "The River", meaning the Rocky River. Names mentioned are James Coppedge, John Avett and J. H. Hagans.

The very next document, p 248, Thomas Avett & wife "Arreny" to William Hyde, 133 acres at the intersection of Randles two lines, joins Nash and the Rocky River. Names mentioned are George Dunlap, Richard Randle and Thomas Threadgill. Ancena, Arrena, etc. Avett was Aunt Ancena Arena Winfield Morrison Avett and the Nash line would have been that of Griffin Nash. 

In January of 1823, Edmund G. Lynch witneses the sells of a 14 year old girl named Sue to Thomas Waddill, a frequently appearing name in deeds involving the Lynches, by John S. Kendall, in conjunction with Henry M. Turner.

Edmund is now seemingly witnessing transactions in his own neighborhood of Wharf. 

On July 15, 1824, John Billingsley of Anson County, gave to his son, Clement Billingsley, "for love and affection" and for 'better maintenance', two little girls, Dalph aged 13 and Hannah, '3 or 4 years old'. There were four witnesses to this transaction, Walter F. Burns, E. G. Lynch, Samuel Billingsley and Griffin Nash.

This is about the time Edmund begins getting himself over his head in debt. 

He appears in two transactions, both on July 4, 1823. Instead of watching fireworks, the fireworks were in court. These could be found in Book U, pages 358 and 359. Joseph Medley, the Sheriff, sold to Stephen Nash, Edmund's brother-in-law,  46 acres for $39, this was one left by Phillip Lynch, and obviously a desirous one. In joined Nash'es own property and had been sold on October 14, 1822 due to an 'execution from Anson County court ..for $30 principal and $5.35 interest due to suit by Benton Burwell (oops, his buddy Benton), to use of Isham Harrel against Edmund G. Lynch. The lands were sold because no goods or chattels were found. Edmund was broke. 

The next one was by Sheriff Medley to Walthell Bibb, 202 acres for $137.50, beginning at the corner of a grant and joins a blown down pine on Griffin Nash's property and that of Verhine, 'sold by John Beard against Edmund G Lynch'. Again no goods or Chattels found. 

Edmund was then back to witnessing the disgusting act of the trading of human beings, something the Market Square in Fayetteville was known for. On October 26, 1826, he witnessed the sell of a 46 year old man named Peter to Thomas Waddill by William J. Turner. Edmund was the only witness and it was proved by his oath in January 1827, when he was referred to as "Green Lynch". 

January 15, 1828, Evert (or Everrett) Verhine traded with Thomas Avett, the same Thomas who married Ancena Winfield Morrison. The deal is explained 'Verhein (it's one of the most multiply-spelled names of the area) owes  John Beard (son-in-law of Edward Winfield) interest in a note and owes William Marshall, executor of John Randle, deceased, interest in a note. To secure his debts, he was selling land along Buffalow Creek that bordered the properties of Edmund Lynch, Griffin Nash, Lindsey and others. Witnesses were James Marshall and "Ean" Beard. 

NameElizabeth Lynch
Home in 1830 (City, County, State)Anson, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 392 Green Lynch & ? John? 
Free White Persons - Females - 50 thru 591 Elizabeth Lynch
Slaves - Males - 10 thru 231
Slaves - Females - Under 103
Slaves - Females - 24 thru 351
Slaves - Females - 36 thru 541
Free White Persons - 20 thru 492
Total Free White Persons3
Total Slaves6
Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored)9

1830, Edmund is no longer Head of Household, I suppose because of debt. His mother, Elizabeth, is again the head of the household, but Edmund Green Lynch appears to be living with her. Elizabeth is in her 50's giving her a decade range of birth between 1771 and 1780. There were two men in their thirties. If Edmund was born around 1795, as I believe he was, he would have been 35 or so. John would have been 31. This could have been him, but we already know he had moved to Autauga County, Alabama. Perhaps he returned for awhile as he is not in the Alabama census for 1830. 

1830 showed Edmund's involvement in several transactions in a row.

In January of 1829, Allen Carpenter was noted as surveryor and Elizabeth Billingsley, Walter F. Burns, Sarah W. Burns, William May, Mary May, David Carpenter and Elizabeth Carpenter, a 'commitee chosen by heirs to divide the land of Edmund Lill Sr. deceased, among his heirs. '  Two tracts went to Elizabeth Billingsley and included the dwelling house, and began at Lynch's corner. 127 acres went to Elizabeth Carpenter on Camp Branch joining McCorkle and Samuel W. Burns, and the Rocky River. To Mary May went 320 acres in Montgomery County, beging at William Walls corner on the River Bank. This was in what would become known as "Shankle" near the forks of the rivers, Rocky and Pee Dee. It also included a dwelling house. Sarah W. Burns recieved 320 acres joining Whitfiled and Tomlinson's Mill Road, joined Dargon and crossed Preslars Branch. Edmund G. Lynch was the only witness and it was recorded in Montgomery County on January 6, 1831 in Book 11, Page 109 and in Anson in Book X, Page 447. 

There follows an Allen family, all inclusive deed, naming Melly Allen, widow of Drury Allen deceased and Julius Allen , Thomas Allen, Jeremiah Smith & wife Susanna, David Allen, Benjamin Allen, Phillip Kiker and wife, Nancy, John Edwards and wife Sarah, William Allen, John Allen and even mentions Drury's brother, Darling Allen in mention of 'land bought of' and his son, Robert Allen. In the signatures, there appears an "Elenor" Allen, which is the legal name of "Melly", (probably "Nellie"). X 449

Then he's again witnessing the Division of Edmund Lilly property. Elizabeth Billingsley (a wife remarried?), Walter F. Burns and wife Sarah (Lilly), William May and wife Mary (Lilly) of Anson and Montgomery, David Carpenter and wife Elizabeth (Lilly). Proved by oath of E. G. Lynch, book X, page 451.

The next we here of Edmund G. Lynch is in his brother's Will. John W. Lynch at just 34 years old,  died on  February 28, 1833, in Autauga County, Alabama. Unmarried and childless, his heirs were his siblings, and nieces and nephews of the two sisters, Nancy and Catherine, who predeceased him. 

To my brother Edmund Green Lynch of Anson County, North Carolina, I give and bequeath one fourth part of the residue & remainder of my property after payment of the debts aforesaid

To Edmund Green Lynch, he left one fourth of his property after his debts and obligations were paid off - 

My will & desire is that all my clothes and wearing apparel be packed up & sent to my brother in North Carolina with the exception of one camel cloak faced with Ermine which I present to William Wyatt.
I give to my brother Edmund G Lynch. 

and wanted his clothes packed up and sent to his brother, except for a special coat to his friend, William Wyatt. They must have been about the same size. 

Edmund witnessed two deeds found in Anson County deed book Z, page 10. Dated December 29, 1934, Lemuel Stokes sold to John S. Kendall for .50 cents sold in trust, 100 acres  that began at Lynches third corner  pine and a drain of McElvale's Branch. Apparently Lemuel Stokes owed loan payments to Griffin Nash of three annual payments of $50. If the debts were not paid, John Spillman had the right to sell the property in Wadesboro after advertising for 30 days."Edward" G. Lynch and William Blaylock were witnesses. There was no Edward, it had to be Edmund. 

The second one was also between Lemuel A. Stokes and John Spillman Kendall, but dated about two weeks later on January 15, 1835. In this one, Lemuel listed all of his personal property, a black mare, cows, calf, sow and 5 pigs, furniture, a loom, and a parcel of corn and fodder. In this deed, it wasn't Griffin Nash that he owed 3 payments to, but to John S. Kendall. The witnesses were the same and again, Edmund's name was mispelled "Edward". 

Following the transactions of Lemuel Stokes, Edmund G. Lynch was witness to a number of deeds involving William Lee of Anson, and his family. This was not the William Lee, whom I previously wrote of recently, but "Rocky River Bill" Lee, called such to differentiate him from others of the same name in the same general area. 

Three were located in Book 10, page 124 and a fourth on page 125.

First, Bill gave to his daughter, Eliza Staton, for love and natural affection, a 13 year old girl named Charlotte. Dated Oct 3, 1836 and witnessed by Edmund G. 'Linch' and Shepherd Lee. Now, they were misspelling the last name instead of the first. 

Second transaction, same date, Bill gave his son Shepherd Lee, 'for love and natural affection' , a 13 year old boy named Green. This time, Uriah Staton co-witnessed with Edmund G. 'Linch'. 

The third transaction, same page, Will sold 33.25 acres to Bryant Braswell, joined Sibley. Irwin Braswell and Burwell Braswell witnessed that time.

The fourth transaction, dated Oct 3, 1836, again, Will gave 2 adjoining tracts to his son Shepherd Lee, located at the mouth of Lanes Creek and joined the mouth of Spring Branch, crossed the road at Still house Branch, met Kiker's land and the throroughfare, known as the Amon Yarborough tract, and goes into timber rights and such, including the Kiker tract. Witnessed by Edmund G. Lynch, spelled properly, and Uriah Staton. 

Now, I don't know if the last transaction was a date error or just a wild coincidence, but on October 3, 1837, Book Z Page 483, William Lee gives to his daughter, Nancy Crump, for the same love and natural affection as her siblings, a 12 year old girl named Harriett, witnessed by Edmund G. Lynch, spelled correctly, and Shepherd Lee. 

A decade later, on October 7, 1846, William Lee R. R. (for Rocky River) wrote his last Will and testament. It's found in Anson County Will Book C on page 122. He refers to himself as "William Lee R. R. " in both the body of the Will and in his signature. He named his wife Catherine Lee, and left her most of everything he owned, then named his children Shepherd Lee, William Lee Jr., and Nancy Crump. He mentions his granddaughter, Amelia Catharine Staton, grandson William Caney Staton. He names as his executors, sons William and Shepherd, John F. Crump and David High. The Will was witnessed by John Winfield, Richmond Lee and David High.

NameElizabeth Lynch
Home in 1840 (City, County, State)Anson, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 291 James W. Nash ?
Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 491 Edmund Green Lynch 
Free White Persons - Females - 70 thru 791 Elizabeth Lynch
Slaves - Males - Under 102
Slaves - Females - Under 101
Slaves - Females - 10 thru 231
Slaves - Females - 55 thru 991
No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write1
Free White Persons - 20 thru 492
Total Free White Persons3
Total Slaves5
Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves8

1840 finds Elizabeth still living in Anson County, now in her 70's, with what appears to be Edmund, in his 40's and a younger man in his 20's, whom I believe to be James W. Nash, her grandson, son of Stephen Nash and her daughter, Nancy, both deceased. 

The estate of Elizabeth Lynch was settled in Henderson County, Tennesee in 1849, where two of her daughters had relocated. The executor was her Grandson, John Lawrence Cawthon, son of her daughter, Sarah. There is no mention of Edmund Green Lynch. It appears Elizabeth outlived all but one of her children. Did Edmund die in Anson and Elizabeth travel West with grandson James W. Nash? Did Edmund Green Lynch travel to Tennesee with his mother and die there? For now, those questions remain unanswered. 

James W. Nash settles in Madison County, Mississippi by 1846, because he marries his first cousin, Mary Nash, daughter of Stephen's brother, Wilson Griffin Nash, on December 3rd of that year. Imagine that, traveling halfway across the country just to marry a first cousin! They had one child, a son, Stephen Lynch Nash, born in 1847, and both James and Mary died young. 

James W. Nash died on August 9, 1853, according to his tombstone in Canton, Madison County, Mississippi. 

As for Edmund G. Lynch, he was no longer a witness. 

Alfred Lee


In the cool fall days of the year of our Lord, Eighteen hundred and thirty -two, (1832),  on November 13, Alfred Lee and William Lee, together, both of Montgomery County, North Carolina, sold a parcel of land to one Jacob Shoffner. For $200 paid in hand, they sold together, three tracts of land on the southwest side of the Pee Dee River, which would be land now in Stanly County. The first tract, on Little Creek of Long Creek, contained 100 acres, and was described only using a variety of trees and stakes, long gone, which doesn't tell us much. The second tract was near the 'fork throng' of the creek and also contained 100 acres. The third tract was located near the first, along a small branch and a lake, in the second line, and was a 100 acre tract granted to James Roper. It then ran due east, 24 chains, and crossed McGuire's fork three times,  coming to Benjamin Lilly's corner, running with his property for awhile,  eventually meeting back up with Ropers property, and containing 22 acres. The document was signed by William Lee and Alfred Lee, and witnessed by Benjamin Cagle and Lindsey F. Cagle.

This was a Montgomery County Deed, and predated the existence of Stanly County by 9 years. It had been brought back into court and filed in Deed Book 2, pages 135 and 136 in the Stanly County deeds, and was registered on the 23rd of October, 1848, where it was proved in open court, it is presumed, by Jacob Schoffner, or one of his heirs.They needed to prove the land was theirs, before they disposed of it, or for other reasons.

The reason the men sold the property would become clear. They would, as many would do during those days, move west, as land in Tennesee opened up for settlement. The BBD -bigger better deal . The grass is always greener...

The reason I am interested in these two men is because where they lived,  the land they left behind, is where my mysterious ancestor, Calvin Lee, first appears. I am following a theory that William Lee of Montgomery/Stanly County, (as he had contemporaries in neighboring Anson County of the same name), could be the father of Calvin Lee, and Alfred Lee, his brother. If this theory were to be true, then why would Calvin have not left North Carolina and traveled with them? The answer to that question could be found in the form of a person, Elizabeth Duke, daughter of James Duke. Calvin Lee would marry Elizabeth Duke and it could have been his ties to her, and her family, that anchored him to what became Stanly County. 

This post is about Alfred Lee and his family. Alfred Lee and Calvin Lee were only two years apart in age, both born after the arrival of a new century. 

NameAlfred Lee
Home in 1830 (City, County, State)West Side Pee Dee River, Montgomery, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 92
Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 391
Free White Persons - Females - Under 52
Free White Persons - Females - 5 thru 91
Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 291
Free White Persons - Under 205
Free White Persons - 20 thru 492
Total Free White Persons7
Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored)7

Outside of land records, Alfred Lee first appears in the 1830 census of Montgomery County, North Carolina. From the land records, we can know he lived in the part of Montgomery that would become Stanly County in 11 more years. By this time, Alfred had married, about 1822, to his first wife, Nancy Culpepper. Her name is known from the records of her children.

The Culpeppers were a very early family who settled in Anson County along the Rocky River, with deeds starting as early as 1754. They were often associated with the Lee family of the same area, "Upper Anson" and many attended the old Rocky River Baptist Church. It's not a far-fetched idea to think that Nancy Culpepper Lee was descended from, and related to, this same group of Culpeppers,  and that Alfred, and his father, William, were also connected to the descendants of Robert Lee. 

Here, Alfred is shown as a man in his 30's with an adult female in the household in her 20's, that could logically be Nancy. There were 4 children in the home, two boys between 5 and 9, one, of which corrresponds to the age of John Culpeper Lee, born in 1823, one girl between 5 and 9, and two others between infancy and five. Two of these would have been Milly, born in 1826 and Lucinda, born in 1829. Two children, one son and one daughter, are unknown . These two could have passed away in childhood, as was not uncommon, or married and independent before 1850, and not known as the children of Alfred Lee. 

There are two siblings that at least one individual has tagged as children of Alfred Lee, and I will be looking into that in a separate post. They were in Marshall County, Tennessee, at the same time he was, but at the moment, that's the only indication I can find, that suggests they could be. Of course, nothing is suggesting they're not, either.

William Lee, Alfred's father, also appears in the 1830 census in Montgomery County, North Carolina. He's in his 60's, there's a man and a woman in their 40's and a girl between 10 and 14 in the household, too.

Will Lee is listed right above the name of my 4th Great Grandfather, Rev. Samuel P. Morton. Also nearby are James, John and Will Morton, whom I believe may be related to Rev. Sammy, Uncle and cousins, perhaps, as I know his father died when he was about 19 years old.

Also nearby are Henry Marshall, Abner Nash, and another direct ancestor, James Mauldin. I know Sammy Morton ,and his kin, lived on David's Creek at this time.  This area is where Calvin Lee shows up in 1840, near the family William and Alfred sell their land to, the Schoffners. That act took place in 1832, and by 1836, Alfred Lee was on the tax lists of Monroe County, Tennessee.

He wouldn't stay in Madison County long, in the 1840 census, Alfred and family,  with father in tow, it appears, were living in Marshall County, Tennessee. Marshall County was founded in 1836, from parts of Maury, Giles, Bedford and Lincoln Counties. Madison and Marshall are over 150 miles apart. 

By this time, there were 6 children in the home, Albert was in his 40's, William in his 70's, but now there was a younger adult female. It appears Nancy Culpeper Lee may have passed away and Alfred had married his second wife. There were two boys, one 10 to 15, and another under 5. These would correspond to the ages of his two known sons, John, and William, born in 1937. Alfred had a lot of daughters. By 1840, he is shown with two between 10 and 14, Lucinda and Millie, one between 5 and 9, Temperance, and one under 5, Mary, born about 1839. We still have one  possible unknown daughter and one unknown son.

Marshall County Tennessee is located in the south-central part of the state, a very fertile area, where the mountains gave way to rolling hills. 

NameAlford Lee
Enumeration Date11 Sep 1850
PlaceDistrict 9, Marshall, Tennessee, USA
Schedule TypeAgriculture

On an agricultural schedule, Alfred is listed as owning 105 acres of land, 30 acres improved and 75 wooded. As for livestock, he owned 3 horses, 2 oxen, 3 'milch' cows, 2 other cattle, 17 sheep and 25 swine. He grew a variety of corn, wheat and oats. He would need that to feed all of the daughters he would accumulate.

The second wife of Alfred Lee was another Nancy. This one was named Nancy Morris, and she was born in Tennessee about 1817. They married around  1835. William would have been her first child, more than likely, due to the 7 year age gap between himself and Temperance..

NameNancy Lee
Birth Yearabt 1817
Home in 1850District 9, Marshall, Tennessee, USA
Cannot Read, WriteYes
Line Number39
Dwelling Number199
Family Number199
Inferred SpouseAlfred Lee
Household members
Alfred Lee50
Nancy Lee33
Lucinda Lee21
Wm Lee13
Mary Lee13
Sarah Lee10
Martha Lee7
Susan Lee7
Anilica Lee2

By 1850, Alfred had added four more daughters to his total, Sarah, 10, Martha, 7, Susan, 7, and Aneliza, 2. William and Mary are both shown as 13, Lucinda is 21 and not yet married. John Culpepper Lee married in Marshall County, Tennesee in 1844 to  Tennessee E. Hayes. Millie had married four years prior in Marshall County to Erastus Yandle Clark and Tempie had married in 1848 to H. J. Chunn.

NameMilly Lee
Marriage Date12 Feb 1846
Marriage PlaceMarshall, Tennessee, USA
SpouseYandell Clark

The Lees would remain in Marshall County until at least 1856, when oldest son John C. Lee would marry a second time to Louise Tennessee McElhaney. He must have had a thing for girls named Tennessee.

NameJohn L Lee
Marriage Date18 Jan 1846
Marriage PlaceMarshall, Tennessee, USA
SpouseTennyser E Hays

Tennessee Elizabeth Hayes in 1846 (victims of transcription errors) and 10 years later,

NameJohn C Lee
Marriage Date13 Mar 1856
Marriage PlaceMarshall, Tennessee, USA
SpouseLouisa T McElhaney

Louisa Tennesee McElhaney in 1856.

Four years later, 1860, found the family in Graves County, Kentucky.

NameAlfred Lee
Birth Yearabt 1800
Birth PlaceNorth Carolina
Home in 1860Graves, Kentucky
Post OfficeMayfield
Dwelling Number1200
Family Number1200
Real Estate Value2000
Personal Estate Value500
Inferred SpouseNancy Lee
Inferred ChildS C Lee; S F Lee; A E Lee; N J Lee; N M Lee
Household members
Alfred Lee60
Nancy Lee43
S C Lee19 Sarah
S F Lee14 Susan
A E Lee12 Ann Eliza
N J Lee9 Nancy Jane
N M Lee6 N Margaret

Alfred is now in Graves County, Kentucky at age 60, and he and his much younger wife have added 2 more daughters to the family, Nancy and Margaret. But why Graves County, Kentucky? It wasn't known as a popular destination spot, unlike Marshall County, Tennessee. It could be explained by a curious detail in the 1860 census- the Lees had settled in amongst a grove of Morisses. Within 5 homesteads, in either direction of their place on the list were households headed by 26 years old A. S. Morris, 37 year old Sarah Morris, 63 year old William Morris, 24 year old M. F. Morris and 39 year old Jesse Morris. As Nancy Lee was also a Morris, the possibility of all of these Morris's being a family is not difficult to intimate. I've not looked into it, just struck me as interesting and possible.

Alfred Lee and family settled in the village of Farmington, not far from the Calloway County border. It was and still remains, a farming village, founded in 1836. Located in the "foot" of Kentucky, Graves County borders Weakley County, Tennesee to the south, with a corner of Obion County, Tennessee meeting its southwest corner and Henry County, Tennesee meeting its southeast corner. On its northern border is McCracken County, Kentucky, and it borders Marshall and Calloway on the east and Ballard, Carlisle and Hickman, with Fulton near, on its western border.

In researching the children of Alfred Lee, some of them crossed  into these counties. There was nothing untypical, or extraordinary of his existence. In the attached schedules and other minimal records, Alfred's bounty had increased in time, as one could presuppose of a doughty laborer. He grew grains and typical farm animals, and lots of daughters, many daughters. 

NameAlfred Lee
Age in 187070
Birth Dateabt 1800
BirthplaceNorth Carolina
Dwelling Number25
Home in 1870Farmington, Graves, Kentucky
Post OfficeFarmington
Male Citizen Over 21Yes
Personal Estate Value800
Real Estate Value1500
Inferred SpouseNancy Lee
Inferred ChildrenNancy J Lee; Margaret Lee; Susan Lee; Mary Lee
Household members
Alfred Lee70
Nancy Lee53
Nancy J Lee19
Margaret Lee17
Susan Lee9
Mary Lee7
William Lee34

By 1870, Alfred was 70 and Nancy Morris Lee, 53. Their last two daughters, Nancy and Margaret, were the only ones left in the home. Younger son, William, had found himself a widower and had returned home to aid his father with the farm, bringing his own two daughters, Susan and Mary, ages 9 and 7, respectively.

Farmington, Kentucky is where Alfred Lee would end his days and with this, we would find Alfred's most remarkable record. Otherwise, he was just another fellow who had left the green fields of North Carolina for the green fields of Tennessee, and then left them for an isolated little town in Kentucky.

In the Kentucky, US Death Records, 1852 -1965. we learn that Alfred Lee, aged 75, male, married, and a farmer by trade, died on June 17, 1875, of Heart Disease. He had been born in Montgomery County, North Carolina. His place of death and place of residence were both Graves County, Kentucky. His parents names were William and ______ Lee. Whomever was the informant of the information, most likely his wife, Nancy, didn't know his mother's name. William's birthplace was given as Virginia and Mrs. Lee as North Carolina.

With this we know that Alfred Lee of Graves County, Kentucky was also Alfred Lee of Montgomery/Stanly County, North Carolina. This verifies that William was his father, yet there is still no documentation of their relationship to Calvin Lee. There may never be. Did Calvin fall out of the sky? Of course not. Circumstantial evidence, simply from location, not being a son of other Lee's in the area who left more records, and the right age to be William's other son, along with the names Lloyd and Alfred running through the names of the next generation on both sides, suggest the possibility. 

The fate of Nancy Morris Lee is unknown. As Alfred is shown as married, and not widowed, in 1875, Nancy lived until then, at least. She is not found in the 1880 census of Graves County, KY. She could have remarried, or passed away before 1880. She's not found in the homes of any of the children.

NameSusana Lee
Birth DateAbt 1861
Home in 1880Mayfield, Graves, Kentucky, USA
Dwelling Number155
Relation to Head of HouseNiece
Marital StatusSingle
Father's BirthplaceTennessee
Mother's BirthplaceKentucky
NeighborsView others on page
Household members
Andrew G. Kesterson46
Mary F. Kesterson42
Mary M. Kesterson23
Sarah A. Kesterson20
Thomas J. Kesterson18
Litha J. Kesterson16
Ida V. Kesterson13
Minnie M. Kesterson11
John W. Kesterson9
William E. Kesterson9
D. Malachia Kesterson6
Charles I. Kesterson4
Susana Lee19
Mary J. Lee17

The only Lees from the 1870 census found in 1880 in Graves were the younger Susanna and Mary Lee, who were the daughters of William Lee and his first wife, Sarah Wheeler. They are found living in the home of Andrew G. Kesterson and wife, Mary Francis Wheeler Kesterson, their aunt and uncle. Between his two wives, Nancy Culpepper and Nancy Morris, Alfred had 10 known daughters, and two known sons, and 2 unknown children. There have been two assigned to him, and they did indeed live in the same area at the same time as he, and were married before 1850, so not named in his home. I will look into them in a later post, but until then, below is a list of known children of Alfred Lee, son of William Lee of Montgomery County, NC.

1) John Culpepper Lee  born 23 Oct 1823 in Pee Dee, Montgomery County, NC, according to his records.He died in 1905 in Hunt County, Texas. He married first, Tennessee Hayes, no children. He married second, Louisa Tennessee McElhaney. He was by trade, a farmer. He had 9 children: William Alfred, Virginia Clementine, Susan Emmaline, Robert Nicholas, John Morgan, James Columbus, Samuel B., Thomas Boyd and Randall Lee. 

2) Millie Lee (1826-1898) Born in  Montgomery County, NC, died in Klamath, Oregon. She married Erastus Yandle Clark, Sr. on February 12, 1846 in Marshall County, Tennessee. Four children: Joseph A. Vance Clark, John Becton Clark, Erastus Yandell Clark, Jr. and Susan Clementine "Clemmie" Clark. Millie settled in Rutherford County, Tennessee, where she would end up raising her children mostly on her own. The 1880 census has her and Clemmie living with the family of her sister, Lucinda Lee Scott, and her marital status was 'divorced'. Millie ended up trekking to Oregon with her children, where she passed away at the age of  72.

3) Lucinda Lee (1829-1893)Born in Montgomery County, NC, Died probably in Loudon County, Tennesee. Married Eli Patton Scott in Marshall County, Tennesee on March 3, 1854, Two children: Susan Smith Scott and Robert Lee Scott. (The names of her two children are significant because the most common name for granddaughters of Alfred Lee is "Susan" and Smith also runs through the family, of course, so does William and Nancy, as expected. Makes me wonder if Alfred's mother may have been a Susan and if William was a son or grandson of Robert Lee, who settled in Anson County, NC. Lucinda's husband would remarry after her death.

4) Temperance Ann "Tempie" Lee (1831 - bet 1880 and 1900) Born in Montgomery County, NC and died probably in Graves County, Kentucky. Married Humphrey James Chunn on March 8, 1848 in Marshall County, Tennessee, one child, Emily Jane Chunn. They lived in Maury County, Tennessee and then Calloway County, KY. She married John Summerville on June 16, 1878 in Calloway County. They moved to Graves County, KY near her father afterwards. Tempie was 47 by the time she married the second time. She did have a stepson named Oscar Summerville. 

The next group were born in Tennesee, after the marriage of Alfred Lee to Nancy Morris.

5) William G. or J. Lee (1837 - 1881) Born in Marshall County, TN, died in Graves, KY. Married 1st, Sarah Wheeler, two daughters, Sussanna and Mary J Lee. Married 2nd Susan Paralee Fuqua, two sons, Alfred Lloyd Lee and Robert Ora Lee. Almost identifal names of sons to Calvin Lee back in Stanly County. Williams widow would remarry after his death and have another child, but not his.

6) Mary E Lee (9 Feb. 1839 - 28 March 1924) Born Marshall County, TN,died in Fulton County, KY. The 1850 census seemed to suggest William and Mary were twins. They were not.

Mary married Darius Powers, three children: David F., Mary E and Alice L. She outlived all of her children, except Alice.

7) Sarah Catherine Lee (1840 - Unknown) Born  in Marshall County, Tennesee, died probably in Tippacanoe County, Indiana. Married Enos Wheeler. One son, James C. Wheeler.

8) Martha Lee (1843 - aft 1900) Born in Marshall County, Tennesee, died supposedly in Texas.

Married James Morgan on Nov. 7, 1881 in Gibson County, Tennessee, although living with him as a wife prior to that date. Three children, Mary, David and Jane Morgan. She was a widow, living in Grave County, KY in 1900. She supposedly moved to Texas and died there, probably relocating with a child or grandchild, or even possibly with her sister, Susan.

9) Susan Francis "Mollie" Lee (1849 - bef 1900) Born in Marshall County, TN, died in San Antonio, Bexar, Texas.  Married first, about 1863, to an unknown McCuan. One daughter, Tennessee "Tenie" Mccuan. Married in 1867 to Hosea Jerome Singleton. Five children: Wesley Vernon, Sallie, Evelyn Lillian, Vella May and Lena Singleton.

10) Aneliza or Anne Eliza Lee (1848 - bef 1880) b Marshall County, TN d Rowan County, TN. Married Miles F. Cogswell. One son,  Franklin. She appears to have died shortly after his birth, but he grew up to have a large and beautiful family.

11) Nancy Jane Lee (b 11 Nov. 1850 - 3 Feb. 1914) Born in Marshall County, Tennesee, died in Paducah, McCraken, KY. Married August Nickles Veal in 1878. Five children: Bury Calvin, Rufus A., Maude E., Luby Lee, and Augustus "Gussie" Veal, Jr. They lingered for a while in Farmington, then moved to neighboring Calloway County, then back to McCraken.

12)  Margaret Melinda Lee (17 July 1853- 1 April 1896) b Marshall County, TN, d Graves County, KY. Married Thomas V. Cochran. Four children, James Alma, William V., Critt O. and Effie Mae Cochran. Raised family in Graves County, KY.


Thursday, May 30, 2024

Chasing Lynches

In my previous posts, it was seen that most of the children of Phillip and Elizabeth Lynch had migrated south and west, but what happened to them after that? My goal is to find out, but first, a little background. Phillip Lynch was an early citizen to what is now Stanly County. He arrived when the area was still Anson. Shortly after, his home became Montgomery County, and long after his death, it would become Stanly. He would, after a spell, move across the Rocky River into what was, and would remain, Anson County, North Carolina. My best guess as to the birth year of Phillip Lynch would be around 1740 -1750. He was an adult by 1763. Phillip was married to a lady named Elizabeth, who was obviously younger than he. Elizabeth survived him by 4 decades and the record who gave a range of years of her age, suggest she was born roughly around 1768-1770. They were parents of a daughter by 1790, presumably Sarah born around 1789. Most of their children were born in the 1790's, with at least one daughter born about 1805. Phillip Lynch made his will in 1807 and died before 1810.  Elizabeth Lynch, his widow, is accounted for in the 1810-1840 census records. The oldest of their two sons, Edmund Green Lynch, remained in Anson County, NC, during those years. 

The children of Phillip and Elizabeth Lynch were:

1) Sarah "Sallie" Lynch born about 1789. Married William Cawthon, also seen as Cawthorne or any other various spellings. According to land records, they removed to Henderson County, Tennessee, during the later 1820's. William died between 1830 and 1840 in the community of Mifflin, Tennessee. Sarah is a widow in the 1840 census and in her 50's. She is not found in 1850, so probably died before 1850.

2) Edmund Green Lynch is found in Anson County, NC until 1840. There is no indication he ever married. He seems to have been born around 1794-1795. He is not found after 1840 in records. I don't know if he passed away in Anson County, NC or possibly Tennesee or Mississippi.

3) Catherine "Catey" Lynch was born sometime in the 1790's. She married Darling Allen, Jr., born in 1794,  in Anson County, NC. She became the mother of three children before passing away before 1833. Her husband remarried, moved to Fayette County, Tennesee and then Indepence County, Arkansas. He was the son of Darling Allen , Sr. and Judith Nance. 

4) Nancy Lynch was probably born in the 1790's to early 1800.. She married Stephen Nash, son of Griffin Nash and Jemima Winfield. Stephen was born about 1794 and was the Postmaster at Beaver Dam, Union County, NC in 1839. He was dead before 1846, and Nancy was dead before her brother John in 1833. They had one son, James W. Nash, born in 1818.

5) John W. Lynch was born on February 8, 1799 in Anson County, NC and died on February 28, 1833 in Prattville, Autauga, Alabama. He did not marry and had no children.  He's the only one of the children whose tombstone survives, as far as I know. He never married and in his Will, verifed the deaths of his sisters Nancy Nash and Catherine Allen, He also mentioned his other siblings, Edmund Green Lynch, Sarah Lynch Cawthon and Betsey Lynch Coppedge. 

6) Elizabeht "Betsy" Lynch was born in 1804 in Anson County, NC. She married Oliver Henry Coppedge in Anson County, NC. Their first child was born in 1828. They first moved to Henderson County, Tennesee, and then later to Marshall, Mississippi and lastly to DeSoto County, Mississippi, where Betsy died in 1864. As a side note, her brother, John, did not trust or like her husband, Oliver. 

The estate of Elizabeth Lynch, mother of these children, was settled in Henderson County, Tennessee. The Administrator of her estate was John L. Cawthon. Elizabeth had made it to Tennessee. How did Elizabeth, a woman in her 70's or more, make the trip to Tennessee in the 1840's? Did her son, Edmund Green Lynch accompany her?

One very interesting newspaper clipping gave a few hints. Phillip Lynch died in 1807, when his children were still young. His wife, Elizabeth outlived him by 41 years. She was probably much younger than her husband. By the late 1820's, the younger generation of Lynches were on the search for greener pastures, that perfect piece of bottom land, a place to make their fortune. A few of them seem to have found it. A few of them did not. 

Elizabeth Lynch died in 1849 in Henderson County, Tennesee.The Administrator of her estate was John L. Cawthon. Among the heirs of Elizabeth Lynch was James W. Nash, Oliver H. Coppedge and wife, James P. Cawthon, William T. Allen, Joseph Threadgill, James Coppedge, and others. We know her daughter Nancy had married Stephen Nash. Nancy was deceased before her brother John W. Lynch died in 1833 and wrote his Will. We know that James W. Nash was her only son.

We know her daughter Sarah had married William Cawthon. To be her heirs, the Cawthons mentioned must have descended from her through her daughter, Sarah. Daughter Betsy had married Olvier Coppedge and both were apparently still alive. Her daughter Catherine, or "Catey", or "Katie", had married Darling Allen Jr. To be her descendant, William T. Allen probably descended through her daugher Catherine. James Coppedge probably descended through her daughter, Betsy and husband, Oliver. There was no mention of Edmund Green Lynch, or indication that he was alive. Apparently Elizabeth had outlived all but her daughter, Betsy (Elizabeth) Lynch Coppedge. The trails to trace the next generations were tedious, fascinating and lead me to places in my family tree I never knew existed. I haven't posted on these discoveries I have mentioned because they are all so new and all I really have is DNA matches and questions. 

James W. Nash

On May 23, 1842, James W. Nash of Madison County, Mississippi  to Griffin Nash, his grandfather, of Anson County, North Carolina. "Nash owns land  in Anson County known as  land on which the late Stephen Nash last lived before he died". James gave Power of Attorney to Griffin Nash to sell the propert y to 'anyone'. It was recorded in Anson County Deed Book 11 Page 69, recorded in Madison County by Clerk of Probate Court, John J Cameron and in Anson by N.D. Boggan. 

James had moved to Madison County, Mississippi to join his Nash family, in particular, Uncles Peter Winfield Nash and Wilson Griffin Nash, brothers of his father, Stephen. They had settled in Madsion County fairly early and had managed to do quite well for themselves. 

Out of all the new possible brides from eastern states and of various countries of origin that he now could have chosen from,  James W. Nash chose his cousin Mary Nash, daughter of Wilson, for a bride.

NameJames W. Nash
Marriage Date23 Dec 1846
Marriage PlaceMadison, Mississippi, USA
SpouseMary Nash

They were married on December 23, 1846. Christmas weddings seemed quite the thing back then. Cousin weddings were the bee's knees, too. The marriage would not last long.

In 1847, a year after the marrage, the newly wed couple had a son they named Stephen Lynch Nash, obviously named for James' father, (his first name) and James's mother (her maiden name). Mary may have died shortly after childbirth, it is unknown. It appears she passed before 1850, sadly. Her father, Wilson Nash, brother of Stephen Nash, took over the raising of the child. 

NameStephen L Nash
Birth Yearabt 1847
Home in 1850Madison, Mississippi, USA
Line Number16
Dwelling Number552
Family Number564
Inferred FatherWilson Nash
Inferred MotherSusan Nash
Household members
Wilson Nash59
Susan Nash57
Madison G Nash20
Edwin F Nash16
Stephen L Nash3
William Turner28

In the 1850 census, little Stephen is found living with his grandparents in Madison County. Wilson Nash was 59 and his wife, Susan Walker Ragan Nash, was 57. Living with them were sons Madison Griffin Nash and Edwin Franklin Nash. William Turner was an employee.

A little about Susan; she was a youing widow when she and Wilson married. Born Susan Walker on Feb.6, 1794 is Georgia, Susan had married Jonathan Clarence Ragan on December 19, 1808, at the age of 14. They had one child together, a daughter Avaline Evaline Ragan, in 1813. This was in Oglethorp, Georgia. Her husband , Jonathan died on April 6, 1813, and at some point, Susan and her little girl made the move to Mississippi and Wilson Nash had made the trip from North Carolina to Mississippi. On July 18, 1822, Wilson Nash married Mrs. Susan Walker Ragan in Lawrence County, Mississippi. Together they would have and raise four more children, along with Avaline: Anne Eliza in 1824, Mary, about 1827, Madison in 1830 and Edwin in 1834. There may have been other sons, based on the 1830 and 1840 census records, but if so, their names were unknown. The boys and young men counted could have also been workers, or other relaties. 

Susan Walker Ragan Nash died a few years after the 1850 census, and was buried in the Old Canton Cemetery on August 14, 1852. It is very likely her daughter, Mary, is buried their too, but no marker survives. What does survive is the tombstone for James W. Nash, Mary's husband, pictured below. 

The death date given for James W. Nash is August 9, 1853, a year after Susan. Where he was in 1850 is unknown. Perhaps he had to travel back to North Carolina to take care of some business. 

Another thing about the 1850 census, occupations. Wilson Nash was a planter. Twenty year old Madison was a medical student. Sixteen year old Edwin was a Student. William Turner was an overseer from South Carolina. They lived next to an attorney and another planter. Wilson also kept a large number of slaves. 

Unfortunately for young Stephen, his grandfather didn't live until he was an adult. Wilson died about 1858. He made clear provisions for his grandson in his Will. Below are excerpts from the Will of Wilson Nash. Remember, Stephen Lynch Nash was the grandson of Stephen Nash and wife Nancy Lynch, on his father's side and was the grandson of Wilson Nash and wife Susan Walker on his mother's side, Stephen and Wilson being brothers, sons of Griffin Nash and wife, Jemima Winfield of Anson County, NC.

Thirdly I give and bequeath to my grand son Stephen Lynch Nash his heirs and assigns 

upon the terms hereinafter stated.  The following described lands and premises with the 

appurtenances being in said county to wit: NE 1/4 of SW 1/4 of Section 22 and the North 

west quarter of Section 27, all in Township 9 Range 3 East, also the following named 

Negroes George, Violet, Martha, Caroline, Taylor, Henry, Manny, Lee and Frank; and I 

give and bequeath said land and Negroes to my said grandson in manner following 

namely if my said grandson shall die before he comes at the age of twenty one, and 

without marrying and having a lawful child then and in such event said land and Negroes 

shall become the property of my sons Madison G. and Edwin their heirs and assigns to be 

equally divided between them. But if my said grandson shall either make the age of 

twenty one or marry and leave a lawful child  or children their said land and Negroes 

shall belong to my said grandson in fee simple.  And at all events it is my will that my 

said grandson shall have the benefit and profit of said lands and Negroes during his life 

and immediately upon my death for his interest and education are uppermost.

Stephen was around 10 or 11 years old when Wilson Nash died 

Ninthly.   It is my will and desire that my relation Elijah Young shall upon my death take 

charge of the person of my said grandson Stephen Lynch Nash and of the property herein 

bequeathed to him as a trustee for the use and benefit of my said grandson according to 

the terms and conditions, and for the reasons herein above declared.

Wilson assigned Elijah Yound, his 'relation', as the guardian of Stephen Lynch Nash. Who was Elijah Young?

Born in 1808 in South Carolina, Elijah Young had married oldest daughter, Avaline Regan, Wilsons step-daughter by blood, although he had raised her. Avaline was the child of Susan Walker Nash's first, brief, marriage. After Avaline, together, Wilson and Susan had had Anne Eliza, (married George Ross), Mary, (married James W. Nash) and sons Madison Griffin Nash and Edwin Franklin Nash.

Elijah Young and Avaline (or Evaline) Regan Young had children Susan, Sarah, Ebenezer, Mary, Emma, William R, and Samuel. 

NameElijah Young
Birth Yearabt 1808
Birth PlaceSouth Carolina
Home in 1860Madison, Mississippi
Post OfficeCanton
Dwelling Number733
Family Number731
Real Estate Value50000
Personal Estate Value61700
Inferred SpouseAraline Young
Inferred ChildWillie Young
Household members
Elijah Young52
Araline Young47
Willie Young12
Emma Young13
Saml Young10
Stephen L Nash12
A A Carson24
Mary Carson20
Elijah Carson6/12

It is with the Youngs that Stephen is found living in 1860, in Canton. Madison County, Mississippi. The Carson;s were Elijah's daughter, Mary and her young family. Elijah, also a Planter, passed away in 1861, when Stephen was yet 13.

Elijah Young's Will mentioned wife, Evaline, and children Ebenezer H., Emma Eliza, Willie R. and Samuel J. Young and married daughters, Mary Ann Carson and Sarah A. Thomas. No mentioned of Stephen Lynch Nash or what was to become of him. 

Stephen was fortunate, perhaps, in the fact that he was just young enough to escape the coming terror of enlistment in the war. It's unknown what effect it had on the course of his life, but between 1861 and 1870, Stephen went into law enforcement. 

NameLynch Nash
Age in 187022
Birth Dateabt 1848
Dwelling Number1104
Home in 1870Police District 1, Madison, Mississippi
Post OfficeCanton
OccupationDeputy Sheriff
Male Citizen Over 21Yes
Personal Estate Value300
Household members
Adaline Luckett22
Wesley Luckett27
Frances Luckett
Fredrik Deedrick21
Lynch Nash22
Tranqghama Medrick42
Addo Ballen18
The 1870 census

The 1870 census finds Stephen working as a Deputy Sheriff in the town of Canton, Madison County, Mississippi, where he had been living. He had residence in an odd boarding house ran by an African American lady named Adaline Luckett, along with a small assortment of immigrants.

NameS. L. Nash
Birth DateAbt 1850
Home in 1880Beat 1, Madison, Mississippi, USA
Dwelling Number557
Relation to Head of HouseNephew
Marital StatusSingle
Father's BirthplaceMississippi
Mother's BirthplaceMississippi
OccupationRailroad Co
NeighborsView others on page
Household members
Mira E. Rop54
R. L. Rop32
S. L. Nash30

 In 1880, he is found living with another Aunt. Ann Eliza Mira Nash, his mothers' other sister, had married George Ross. Stephen is now working for a railroad company, His Aunt is a Widow and his cousin Robert L. Ross is living there, too. Ross is , of course, misstranslated as "Rop".

Working for the railway took Stephen far and wide and he ended up in New Orleans, probably an exciting city for the Mississippi raised Nash. There, he met and married a widow, Anne Whelan (Whalan) Thompson. They were married on January 10, 1882.

NameStephen L. Nash
Marriage Date10 Jan 1882
Marriage PlaceNew Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA
SpouseAnnie Whalan

Annie had been born on March 15, 1850 in Ireland. Her first mariage was to John Richard Thompson, a midly older man who had died in 1879, leaving Annie a young widow with several children and a considerable inheritance. Thompson was also from Ireland and together, they had children John, William Andrew, Annie Mae, James T.,  Elizabeth Jane Lillian, Joseph and Katherine, several who died young and were buried in the local cemetery.

The Times Democrat - New Orleans, Wednesday, Oct 18, 1882, page 3.

That same year, 1882, Stephen purchased Two lots on Market Street form Mrs Thomas Holton, bounded by Market and Jackson Streets and Atlantic and Pacific Avenues.

This area still exists and was in the midst of the French Quarter.

NameJames Albert Nash
Birth Date22 Dec 1882
Birth PlaceNew Orleans, Louisiana, USA
FatherS. Lynch Nash
MotherAnnie E. Whalen

Also, in 1882, on December 22, Stephen and Annie were blessed with a son, James Albert Nash, born 11 months after the wedding.

Two years later, in 1884, Stephen and Annie would welcome a daughter, whom they named Mary, for Stephen's mother.

Also that year, Stephen sold one of his lots on Market Street. New Orleans was a tricky place to live, along the water. Sadly, the same year she was born, James and Annie lost their baby girl, Mary Nash.
NameMary Nash
Age1 Months
Birth Yearabt 1884
Death Date15 Jun 1884
Death PlaceOrleans, Louisiana, USA

She was buried next to her half-sister, Kathryn Thompson.

NameStephen L Nash
Residence Year1886
Street AddressDist
Residence PlaceNew Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Publication TitleNew Orleans, Louisiana, City Directory, 1886

In 1886, the New Orleans City Directory had Stephen Nash as the proprietor of a Hardware Store.

In 1887, Stephen sold a separate lot, bounded by Dumaine, St. Phillip St., Claude and Treme Streets.

NameJames Albert Nash
Birth Yearabt 1882
Death Date22 Dec 1887
Death PlaceOrleans, Lousiana, USA
Volume Number92
Page number370

In 1887, tragedy struck again,  he lost his 5 year old son, James Albert.

Life was not going well for Stephen Nash. In 1889, the Hardware Store was liquidated, "in the matter of the Sucession of Annie Whalen, Widow by first marriage of J. Thompson and Wife by second Marriage of  Stephen L. Nash."

NameAnnie L. Whealen Nash
Birth Yearabt 1849
Death Date17 Aug 1889
Death PlaceOrleans, Lousiana, USA
Volume Number95
Page number777

Annie Whelan Thompson Nash, passed away at the tender age of 40, leaving Stephen a widower. 

House on Bouny in time of Stephen and Annie

Annie was sick, and fearing the worst, she hailed a notary. Excerpts from the Will are listed below, but within, she mentioned only her husband, Stephen Lynch Nash, and three chldren.

NameJohn Thompson
Birth DateAbt 1870
BirthplaceNew Orleans
Home in 1880New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA
StreetVillere Street
Dwelling Number39
Relation to Head of HouseSon
Marital StatusSingle
Father's NameJohn Thompson
Father's BirthplaceIreland
Mother's NameAnnie Thompson
Mother's BirthplaceIreland
NeighborsView others on page
Household members
John Thompson42
Annie Thompson32
John Thompson10
Wm. Thompson8
Annie Thompson7
Elizabeth Thompson5
Wm. Sullivan15
Joseph Thompson4/12

In 1880, two years before her marrieage to Stephen Nash, Annie was shown as the mother to John, 10, William, 8, Annie 7, Elizabeth, 5 and Joseph, 4 months old. They also had an adoptedson, William John Sullivan 15. William Sullivan may have been Annie's biological son by a previous marriage.

NameAnna Thompson
Age in 187022
Birth Dateabt 1848
Dwelling Number702
Home in 1870New Orleans Ward 14, Orleans, Louisiana
Post OfficeNew Orleans
OccupationKeeping House
Father of Foreign BirthYes
Mother of Foreign BirthYes
Inferred SpouseJohn Thompson
Household members
John Thompson32
Anna Thompson22
John Sullivan5
In 1870, there was John, Annie and "John Sullivan", aged 5. John William Sullivan's date of death was given as October 25, 1882, and the Thompsons were listed as his parents. He was 17,

John Richard Thompson, Jr., a 10 year old student in 1880, was born to John and Annie on September 13, 1870, months after the 1880 census. He passed away before his mother.

Other children of Annie Whelan Thompson Nash were:

William Andrew Thompson (1871 - 1939)
Annie May Thompson Sadler (1873 -1939)
James T. Thompson (1873-1876) died at age 3, may have been twin.
Elizabeth Jane Lillian Thompson Forbes (1876-1951)
Katie Thompson (1878-1879) who died at age 8 months of 'Teething",

NameKatie Thompson
Estimated Birth Yearabt 1878
Birth PlaceLouisiana, USA
Death DateJul 1879
Cause of DeathTeething
Census year1880
Census PlaceNew Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA

I'm sure it must have been something else.

Joseph John Thompson, shown as an infant in 1880, made it to age 8, passing away on on July 4, 1888, a year before his mother.

James Albert Nash (1882-1887) and 
Mary Nash (1884-1884) were he last known children. Of 10 children, three would grow up.

Andre' Detremont Doriocourt Jr. was a member of an old French family of Algiers, and a part of the New Orleans elite, going back 5 generations to a Frenchman named Francois D'Oriocourt who had arrived in New Orleans from France long before the country was a country. Andre played an important part in the next few years of Stephen's story.

On August 22, 1889, Doriocourt was called to the bedside of a very ill Annie Nash. She Doubted her own survival rate and wanted to get her affairs in order. Andre, as a Notary, recorded the last Will and Testament of Annie Whelen Thompson Nash.

"Mrs. Stephen  Nash at her residence on Villere' et bet Bouny between Lauin and Patterson street where I found Mrs. Nash sick of body, but of sound mind, memory and understanding...requested to recieve her last Will and Testament in the presence of  these Alphonse Rieffel, Louis Guillard, and Francis Durri, three witnesses duly qualified."

"I give and bequeath to my dear husband Mr. Stephen Lynch Nash, two properties situated in Algiers, one bounded by Villere' Delaronde, Swguin and Bouny, designated as number 6, side of Bouny Street......corner of Bouny Street, which said property was purchased by the said Stephen Lynch Nash on the 26th day of July, 1884, from Eliza McMarten widow of Thracemond Lanproy Landry.

Two, One certain lot of ground situated also in Algiers in the fifth district of this city in Square number 41 which is bounded by Pacific amd Elmire Avenue, Peters and Alex Streetspurchased by Mrs. Annie Thompson from Thomas Holton 15 November, 1880....Remainder of property divided between my three children, William Andrew Thompson, aged about 16, Elizabeth Jane Thompson, aged about 14, and Anna Mary Thompson, aged about 15......Give to my son William Andrew Thompson, the gold watch which belonged to his father, over and above his share. I give and bequeath my diamond earrings and pin jewelry, which I possess, to one of my daughters, to the one who shall behave the best and the balance of my jewelry to be equally divided between my daughters and I give and bequeath to my husband, Mr. Stephen Lynch Nash, the bedroom set, which I now occupy."

"I appoint for my executor and testamentary executor and tutor of my three children, my husband, Mr, Stephen Lynch other Wills...  Signed Mrs. Annie Nash, Alphonse Reiffel, Louis Guilland, Francis Durre' and Andre Denvoricourt - Notary." Leaving Out most of the legalese and irrelevant bits.

The headaches for Stephen Nash had just began, as he faced the high emotions of three monied and thus far educated teenaged stepchildren, who had never seen their mother as married to anyone but their father. Despite her legal will with respected witnesses present, they saw everything as having belonged to their father, and then their maother, and therefore, only theirs. They resented Stephen's existence and legal rights to anything, even what he had purchased of his own funds. I wonder what the three would have tried had little James and Mary Nash had survived?

Several articles appeared in the local papers over the next few weeks. They were quite lengthy, so will be addressed in sections. Keep in mind, the accusations were of highly emotional orphaned teens, aged 14, 15 and 16.

The children accused Stephen, thier stepfather, and Mr. Doriocourt, the attorney, of theft.

John Richard Thompson, father of  the three children, had been a sucessful Coppersmith and left the family a comfortable living with a Hardware Store to boot. Stephen Nash worked for the Texas and Pacific Railroad, where he was making a comfortable living and promoted to Conductor. He met Annie, a widow, and the article states she 'fell victim' to his charms. That's a very biased description. They met, fell in love, and married.They had and lost, two children of their own.As stated in her Will, Annie very much loved, and trusted, Stephen.

The article then gave a bit of a description of Stephen, and the life he had before maeeting Annie.  He was a good-looking man, and had left Missiissippi for Texas, where he had escaped several run-ins with the Comanche tribe. He had worked as a Scout, and a brakeman for various railroads, before becoming a conductor, and meeting  Annie Whelan Thompson. Everything was fine until Annie died on Augst 18, 1889.

The children claimed Stephen, their stepfather, and Doriocourt, the Notary, had stolen from them by forcing them to produce their mothers jewelry box, upon threat of arrest, which had been willed to them, specificlly.

A reporter went to the Thompson Hardware store, which was now under the management of Stephen Nash, and found only the children, and interviewed them concerning their grievances. The three teens gave him the story that Nash had been a cowboy in Texas, and had then gotten a job as a brakeman for the Texas and Pacific Railroad. We know from earlier records that he had been a policeman in his early twenties, while still in Mississippi, and was recorded as working for the railroad while still living in Canton, Madison County, Mississippi in 1880.

The teens claimed he never worked after his marriage. He was given to drink, they claimed, and would go missing from home for a week at a time. 

Annie had been a wealthy woman, having owned 7 houses and the hardware store and buildings at the time of her death. 
They said Mr. Doriocourt was his attorney, but not theirs. The store had been advertised for sale, but without a family meeting. At some point, the children claimed Stephen wanted to bring a 'notorious' woman to the house, but the children objected, making him angry. He threatened to blow the top of 15 year old Annie Mae's head off. 

The woman left for St Louis the week prior, and Nash had taken it badly. The children were happy about it. He was staying in a boarding house, but came home to nail the workshop up to prevent anyone from getting anything out. Then the following Saturday, he returned and claimed $150 cash from the armoire, which was the last remaining cash.

At this time, Nash demanded the children produce the jewelry box of their mother's. Refusing, Willie was told he would be sent to the penitentiary if he didn't. Willie gave him the key, as the attorney advised them to. The box contained three watches, chains, diamond sets, and other expensive jewelry. 

The attorney owed money to the estate, they claimed. Stephen, after claiming the box, said "Now you can pop your whip", meaning they could now use their authority against someone. Exiting, the attorney told Willie to "Go back and make another big bluff". When they demanded the key to the jewelry case, he had told Willie he'd have an officer there in 30 minutes. 

The reporter called upon Stephen, to get his side of the story at No. 115 Customhouse Street, where he was residing. His room was described as a Gallery room on the third floor and was "comfortably, if not expensively furnished."

Mr. Nash was asleep and had given instructions not to be disturbed, but they woke him anyway. 

The statement of Stephen Lynch Nash was, as quoted, "I am the sole executor of the will, and it is so stated in black and white that all may see. With the exception of the diamonds and two houses and half of the hardware store the estate is in succession. The diamonds were so bequeathed that I was was to give them to the one of the girls who treated me best. Knowing these diamonds and things were idle at the house, I thought it would be best to put them in bank. I have been  badly treated and I left the house to keep people from talking. If the children suppose I am a thief, they are badly mistaken in the matter. They have had bad advisors, particularly such a one as Vogt. 

Stephen went on to explain that he went to unlock his armoire to discover it had been rummaged through, and the jewelry box missing. He questioned the two older children and was told by Willie that he had it locked in the safe. The children had made an extra key to the armoire. Stepehn told them he wanted to take it to the bank to keep it safe. He told them that the act of making the extra key could send someone up the river. He then mentioned  John Sullivan, as a tutor of the estate. John William Sullivan had been living with the Thompsons as a small boy. Sullivan claimed to know nothing of the box. He left the smaller items of jewelry with the children and took the most expensive things to the bank for safe keeping.

Nash said nailed up the workshop, because the tools were all his, and claimed that half the store was too, as was stated in the marriage contract. He appointed Sullivan, whom he said he had raised from a little boy, as executor and got his own separate place for his mental health. He said he had asked them to allow a woman to wait on him, but they refused. Was she a nurse or a prostitute? It was unclear, as the two sides ofthe story differed so much. The box of jewelry was found to be safely in the  possession of a bank, and was tagged as police evidence.

A Second article, also in The Times Democrat, and dated the next day, October 16, 1889, told a very different kind of story and showed the legal aspects of the case, which were very much on the side of Stephen Lynch Nash, and his friend and attorney, Andre' Doriocourt..

At this time, Stephen and his attorney Doriocourt, were shown in a more favorable light.

The court sided with Nash and his attorney, that all actions taken were right and lawful, and whatever actions Stephen had taken were legal, if not moral, and as surviving spouse and executor of his wife's estate, were all well within the law.

The Hardware Store and it's contents were listed for sale, ten days later, on October 26, 1889. Stephen was liquidating the estate and claiming his share.

Stephen Lynch Nash was taxed in 1890 for property owned in 1889, the seven lots and house in Algiers.

NameStephen L. Nash
Residence Date1890
Residence Address18 Villeré
Residence PlaceNew Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Business Address16 Villeré, 5th district

In the 1890 City Directory of  New Orleans, Stephen L. Nash is seen with an occupation of Hardware and a resident of No. 16 Villere' Streer, Fifth District. He does not appear in the 1891 Directory. And with that, Stephen Lynch Nash, 43, disappears off the face of the earth.

It is with great doubt that he died in Louisiana, they had amazingly detailed birth and death records far before most other states.I've searched for him far and wide, and can find no trace at all past 1890.

His attorney, Andre Dotremont Doriocourt III (1848-1916), is found living in New Orleans still, with his wife, Marion Coates Doriocourt, in both the 1900 and 1910 censuses, their two children, Andre IV and John Richard, now adults.

NameA Aorescourt
Birth DateNov 1849
BirthplaceLouisiana, USA
Home in 1900New Orleans Ward 7, Orleans, Louisiana
Ward of City7th
House Number1647
Sheet Number16
Number of Dwelling in Order of Visitation307
Family Number375
Relation to Head of HouseHead
Marital StatusMarried
Spouse's NameMarion Aorescourt
Marriage Year1870
Years Married30
Father's BirthplaceLouisiana, USA
Mother's BirthplaceLouisiana, USA
Can ReadY
Can WriteY
Can Speak EnglishY
House Owned or RentedRent
Farm or HouseH
NeighborsView others on page
Household members
A Aorescourt50
Marion Aorescourt46

Andre Doriocourt III died on July 9, 1916 in Harrison County, Mississippi, at the age of 68. He recieved a brief obituary.

William Andrew Thompson remained in New Orleans until his death in 1936 at age 63. He had married at 26 to Miss Mathilda Walsh and had three sons, William Goodwin, John Leslie and Milton Andrew Thompson, although only the oldest and youngest made it to adulthood. He worked as a laborer and as a Fireman on a Steamboat and then had a lengthy career as a Water Tender in the Marine Industry until his death, which I believe was probably still tied to the steamboat industry. He was buried in the St. Patrick Cemetey No. 2 with his parents and siblings who had died young.

Annie May Thompson lived in New Orleans for most of her life. She underwent training as a Practical Nurse. She married at 23 to Guy E. Sadler, who worked as a government recorder until he quit due to coruption and sent to work for the railroad, ending up as a conductor until his death at 48 in 1923.

They had two children, Nova May and Merton Raynor Sadler. Annie supported herself as a nurse after his death and died in 19639 in Rankin County, Mississippi at the age of 66. She was returned to New Orleans to be buried with her family at St. Patirck's No. 2.

Elizabeth, the youngest daughter, had the longest and most interesting life. She married at 16 on July 5, 1893, to a Frank A. Forbes. He was seen at various times as a Tinker, a Coppersmith, a Plumber, and running a Naval Store.

Seen in her mother's Will as Elizabeth Jane, she somehow added the name "Lillian" to the mix and all her adult life went by 'Lillie" or "Elizabeth Lillian ".

Frank and Lillie had five children together: James Walden Forbes, William Austin Forbes, Frank Thomas Chenelle Forbes, Vera Elizabeth Forbes Horn and Catherine Forbes Poe. After her husbands death, in 1928, Lillie moved to Hot Springs, Arkansas, and took on the raising of her granddaughter, Audrey, daughter or her youngest son, Frank. Afterwards, she followed her two beautiful daughters, neither of whom had any children, to Los Angeles, California. There, she passed away on June 14, 1951.

As for Stephen Lynch Nash, he had disappeared from the face of the earth. At only 43, he could have very well took her money and ran, starting over in a new place, and a new wife, and a new career, but there is no record of it, not of his life or his death. The most likely scenarios in my mind, is that he either died in some wilderness as a cowboy, and no one missed him, or he changed his name and went forth with a new identity, perhaps using his railroad experience. With Stephen Lynch Nash, there died the end of the line of Stephen Nash, son of Griffin Nash and his wife, Nancy Lynch.

As far as the other heirs of Phillip Lynch...their stories remain to be told in tales to come. Newspapers left some hints, of the Cawthons, Threadgills and Allens and how they all fit in...and one article that touched on another family name in my line that has taken me on a whole other journey of discovery.

The Lexington Progress

Lexington, Tennessee  Friday, March 18, 1921