Saturday, June 8, 2024

Can I get a Witness?

Edmund Green Lynch left even less information on himself than his younger brother, John W. Lynch, who only survived life until his early 30's. I believe Green, as he was called, made it well into his 50's, at least, leaving very little information on himself. Edmund Green Lynch was the son of Phillip Lynch, who first settled in an area that was in Anson County, and became part of Montgomery in 1779, then far after Phillips death in 1807, that area would become part of Stanly County. He then moved to the south side of the Rocky River, in what was and would remain, Anson County, North Carolina. His property bordered the old Peter Winfield Plantation, so heirs and inlaws of Peter Winfield were among his neighbors, as were Hogans, Ropers, Lees, Marshalls, Robinsons and Robertsons, Verhines and Ramsey's, and Davis's. And that is why I began giving the Lynch family a closer look. 

The first mention of Edmund Green Lynch was in his father's will. 

"Item I give to my son Green Lynch the upper part of my plantation between the land I lent my wife and William Marshalls supposed to be one hundred acres also forty I purchased of Green Roper, also the land I lent to my wife at her death all the said land to him and His heirs forever. Also I give to my son Green on Negroe man Named Daniel one Gray mare called.... his bed and furniture to him.

In 1810, Elizabeth Lynch, the widow of Phillip Lynch, appears as Head of Household, all of her children are still living with her, with the exception of Sarah, who was already married by then and the only child born before 1790. 

NameElizabeth Linch
Residence Date6 Aug 1810
Residence PlaceAnson, North Carolina, USA
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 151 John W Lynch
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 251 Edmund G. Lynch
Free White Persons - Females - Under 102 Nancy and Bety
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 151 Catey 
Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 441 Elizabeth Lynch, widow
Number of Enslaved Persons3
Number of Household Members Under 164
Number of Household Members Over 251
Number of Household Members9

Knowing that John W. Lynch was born in 1799 by his tombstone, located in Autauga County, Alabama, meaning he was only 11 in 1810, Green would be the male aged 16 to 25, closer to 16 than 25, however. Elizabeth was under 44 and as Sarah "Sally" Lynch was not married in 1807, this narrows the year of her wedding to between 1807 and 1810.

In 1814, when I believe Edmund Green Lynch may have turned 21, he begins what I have referred to as his career as a witness. His most numerous appearances in records of any kind, was as a witness to deeds and other recorded transactions, so many and so often, I haven't even included them all.

He seems to have been a persistent voyeur of the legal process, perhaps feeling a Sehnsucht for the legal profession. I imagine him suited and eager, among a group of men pallying,  around the old log courthouse, feeling the frisson of the wait for proceedings to begin. 

On November 8, 1814, Edmund G. Lynch and Levi Braswell both witnessed a transfer of property between William and Stephen Hyde to Smith Medley. It was signed by William, Stephen and Susannah Hyde and proven in 1819 by the oath of Green Lynch. This property was located on Jones Creek, no where close to where the Lynches lived, and the names were not among any of the neighbors or associated families of the Lynches. 

On April 5, 1814, Edmund G. Lynch and Richard Stone were chain carriers for a sale of Will Stone to William Wall. This was a tract of land formerly sold to William Johnson from Jane Nesbit. It was located about a mile and half from the Rocky River. 

Two years later, Edmund G. Lynch, was the only witness to the April 29, 1816 sale of a little girl named Araminta, described as being between 10 and 11 years old, and a mulatto, or of mixed race. She was sold by Malcolm Smith to Thomas Billingsley. The transaction was signed by 'Macom' Smith and Daniel McAuley, whose part in the deal is uncertain. This was found in Book R, page 322 of Anson County Deeds.

In Deed book S, pages 211 & 212, are three separate transactions witnessed by Edmond G. Lynch. Was he just hanging around the courthouse? Was there a reason he was there? He wasn't family to any of the parties, as I could tell. Could he have been serving as an aide to a Magistrate or Clerk ? Was he training or did he fill an office of some kind? I wonder.  

In the first of these three, dated October 24, 1816, Thomas Lacy of Hickman County, Tennesee to Burwell Benton of Anson County, NC,  sold 2/8ths of the following tracts, a) 108 acres, b) 100 acres,  c) 300 acres, d) 67 acres, e) 50 acres, f) 200 acres and g) 150 acres and his sister Lucretia Ross's part of the land of Griffith Lacy, deceased. It was signed by Thomas Lacy and witnessed by Edmund G. Lynch and Jesse Caudle. Proven in 1818 by the oath of Edmund G. Lynch.

The second transaction, related to the first, but dated January 2, 1818 was between Thomas Webb of Anson County to Benton Burwell, 3/13ths on Lanes's Creek being his part and James and David Webb's parts of the lands of  Griffith Lacy, deceased, "descended to me from my mother and being her part of an eighth of Griffith Lacy's land, being 1047 acres". Witnessed by Edmund G Lynch and W. R. Benton.

The third, involving the same family, was dated October 24, 1816, this time with Stephen Lacy of Hickman County, Tennesee,  selling to the same Burwell Benton, one eighth of the same acreage listed in the first by his brother, Thomas Lacy, and one eighth share of the lands of Griffith Lacy, deceased. Witnessed by Edmund G. Lynch and Jesse Caudle.  

There was a fourth deed following, on the very same page, Book S, page 212, involving Burwell Benton and the lands of Griffith Lacy on Lacy's Branch, but no mention of Green Lynch in this one. These indicate that the estate of Griffith Lacy had been divided into eight sections and one of those sections into 13 sections. Thomas and Stephen were probably sons of Griffith, getting one eighth share apiece and Lucretia Ross a daughter. Another daughter seems to have married a Webb and she being deceased, her share would have went to her children, the Webb brothers being grandchildren. There were obviously 4 other shares for heirs unaccounted for in these three deeds. 

On October 17, 1817, Burwell Benton and Edmund G. Lynch witnessed a deed together, a transaction between John Meggs Sr. and  Hezekiah Haney involving 300 acres on Levan's Branch bordering neighbors Isham Saint, Sturdivant and Elias Preslar, Book T, Page 202.

In Book S, pages 448 and 449, he was still involved with Burwell  Benton and back in the Lacey transactions.
August 19, 1818 find Burwell Benton of Anson County selling 1047 acres to Elias Billingsley of Montgomery County, NC on both sides of Lane's Creek, formerly owned by Griffith Lacy and being half of the land he owned when he died.  This was described as the shares of Thomas Lacy, Stephen Lacy, Hugh Ross (remember Lucretia Ross?), Thomas Webb, Joseph Webb, Sherling Webb and William Webb, from Griffith Lacy's land. Witnesses were Reuben White and Edmund G. Lynch. Proved in 1820 by the oath of Edmund Lynch.

If I were researching Lacey's, I would be tickled to have found those transactions, but alas. It's easy to see Hugh Ross was most likely Lucretia's husband, he had to be, as it was her share that was sold and they added another Webb to the mix. 

The second deed was again involving Burwell Benton and Elias Billingsley and Edmund was the only witness. It mentions crossing a new road and Lacy's Branch. Lacy's Branch must have ran off of Lanes' Creek. 

NameEdmond G Lynch
Enumeration Date7 Aug 1820
Home in 1820 (City, County, State)Coppedge, Anson, North Carolina, USA
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 251 Edmund Green Lynch
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 151 Youngest sister, probably Betsy
Free White Persons - Females - 45 and over1 Elizabeth Lynch
Slaves - Males - Under 141
Slaves - Females - Under 141
Slaves - Females - 14 thru 251
Slaves - Females - 26 thru 441
Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture5
Free White Persons - Under 161
Free White Persons - Over 251
Total Free White Persons3
Total Slaves4
Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other7

In 1820, Edmund G. Lynch shows up as Head of Household. He has to be male between 16 and 25, as he was last time, this time closer to 25. These two records pretty much nail his year of birth to 1794/1795. The older female must have been his mother, Elizabeth and the young girl between 10 and 15 must have been the youngest sister, to my estimations, Betsy, as Nancy would have been married as her son, James, was born in 1818, while Betsy's oldest wasn't born until 1828. The family lived in Coppedge Township. As this one was more or less in alphabetical order, divided by Township, there was no way to account for neighbors. 

In Book U page 247, the Hydes are back. December 7, 1820 William Hyde sells to Thomas Avett 438 acres that include a spring and borders "The River", meaning the Rocky River. Names mentioned are James Coppedge, John Avett and J. H. Hagans.

The very next document, p 248, Thomas Avett & wife "Arreny" to William Hyde, 133 acres at the intersection of Randles two lines, joins Nash and the Rocky River. Names mentioned are George Dunlap, Richard Randle and Thomas Threadgill. Ancena, Arrena, etc. Avett was Aunt Ancena Arena Winfield Morrison Avett and the Nash line would have been that of Griffin Nash. 

In January of 1823, Edmund G. Lynch witneses the sells of a 14 year old girl named Sue to Thomas Waddill, a frequently appearing name in deeds involving the Lynches, by John S. Kendall, in conjunction with Henry M. Turner.

Edmund is now seemingly witnessing transactions in his own neighborhood of Wharf. 

On July 15, 1824, John Billingsley of Anson County, gave to his son, Clement Billingsley, "for love and affection" and for 'better maintenance', two little girls, Dalph aged 13 and Hannah, '3 or 4 years old'. There were four witnesses to this transaction, Walter F. Burns, E. G. Lynch, Samuel Billingsley and Griffin Nash.

This is about the time Edmund begins getting himself over his head in debt. 

He appears in two transactions, both on July 4, 1823. Instead of watching fireworks, the fireworks were in court. These could be found in Book U, pages 358 and 359. Joseph Medley, the Sheriff, sold to Stephen Nash, Edmund's brother-in-law,  46 acres for $39, this was one left by Phillip Lynch, and obviously a desirous one. In joined Nash'es own property and had been sold on October 14, 1822 due to an 'execution from Anson County court ..for $30 principal and $5.35 interest due to suit by Benton Burwell (oops, his buddy Benton), to use of Isham Harrel against Edmund G. Lynch. The lands were sold because no goods or chattels were found. Edmund was broke. 

The next one was by Sheriff Medley to Walthell Bibb, 202 acres for $137.50, beginning at the corner of a grant and joins a blown down pine on Griffin Nash's property and that of Verhine, 'sold by John Beard against Edmund G Lynch'. Again no goods or Chattels found. 

Edmund was then back to witnessing the disgusting act of the trading of human beings, something the Market Square in Fayetteville was known for. On October 26, 1826, he witnessed the sell of a 46 year old man named Peter to Thomas Waddill by William J. Turner. Edmund was the only witness and it was proved by his oath in January 1827, when he was referred to as "Green Lynch". 

January 15, 1828, Evert (or Everrett) Verhine traded with Thomas Avett, the same Thomas who married Ancena Winfield Morrison. The deal is explained 'Verhein (it's one of the most multiply-spelled names of the area) owes  John Beard (son-in-law of Edward Winfield) interest in a note and owes William Marshall, executor of John Randle, deceased, interest in a note. To secure his debts, he was selling land along Buffalow Creek that bordered the properties of Edmund Lynch, Griffin Nash, Lindsey and others. Witnesses were James Marshall and "Ean" Beard. 

NameElizabeth Lynch
Home in 1830 (City, County, State)Anson, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 392 Green Lynch & ? John? 
Free White Persons - Females - 50 thru 591 Elizabeth Lynch
Slaves - Males - 10 thru 231
Slaves - Females - Under 103
Slaves - Females - 24 thru 351
Slaves - Females - 36 thru 541
Free White Persons - 20 thru 492
Total Free White Persons3
Total Slaves6
Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored)9

1830, Edmund is no longer Head of Household, I suppose because of debt. His mother, Elizabeth, is again the head of the household, but Edmund Green Lynch appears to be living with her. Elizabeth is in her 50's giving her a decade range of birth between 1771 and 1780. There were two men in their thirties. If Edmund was born around 1795, as I believe he was, he would have been 35 or so. John would have been 31. This could have been him, but we already know he had moved to Autauga County, Alabama. Perhaps he returned for awhile as he is not in the Alabama census for 1830. 

1830 showed Edmund's involvement in several transactions in a row.

In January of 1829, Allen Carpenter was noted as surveryor and Elizabeth Billingsley, Walter F. Burns, Sarah W. Burns, William May, Mary May, David Carpenter and Elizabeth Carpenter, a 'commitee chosen by heirs to divide the land of Edmund Lill Sr. deceased, among his heirs. '  Two tracts went to Elizabeth Billingsley and included the dwelling house, and began at Lynch's corner. 127 acres went to Elizabeth Carpenter on Camp Branch joining McCorkle and Samuel W. Burns, and the Rocky River. To Mary May went 320 acres in Montgomery County, beging at William Walls corner on the River Bank. This was in what would become known as "Shankle" near the forks of the rivers, Rocky and Pee Dee. It also included a dwelling house. Sarah W. Burns recieved 320 acres joining Whitfiled and Tomlinson's Mill Road, joined Dargon and crossed Preslars Branch. Edmund G. Lynch was the only witness and it was recorded in Montgomery County on January 6, 1831 in Book 11, Page 109 and in Anson in Book X, Page 447. 

There follows an Allen family, all inclusive deed, naming Melly Allen, widow of Drury Allen deceased and Julius Allen , Thomas Allen, Jeremiah Smith & wife Susanna, David Allen, Benjamin Allen, Phillip Kiker and wife, Nancy, John Edwards and wife Sarah, William Allen, John Allen and even mentions Drury's brother, Darling Allen in mention of 'land bought of' and his son, Robert Allen. In the signatures, there appears an "Elenor" Allen, which is the legal name of "Melly", (probably "Nellie"). X 449

Then he's again witnessing the Division of Edmund Lilly property. Elizabeth Billingsley (a wife remarried?), Walter F. Burns and wife Sarah (Lilly), William May and wife Mary (Lilly) of Anson and Montgomery, David Carpenter and wife Elizabeth (Lilly). Proved by oath of E. G. Lynch, book X, page 451.

The next we here of Edmund G. Lynch is in his brother's Will. John W. Lynch at just 34 years old,  died on  February 28, 1833, in Autauga County, Alabama. Unmarried and childless, his heirs were his siblings, and nieces and nephews of the two sisters, Nancy and Catherine, who predeceased him. 

To my brother Edmund Green Lynch of Anson County, North Carolina, I give and bequeath one fourth part of the residue & remainder of my property after payment of the debts aforesaid

To Edmund Green Lynch, he left one fourth of his property after his debts and obligations were paid off - 

My will & desire is that all my clothes and wearing apparel be packed up & sent to my brother in North Carolina with the exception of one camel cloak faced with Ermine which I present to William Wyatt.
I give to my brother Edmund G Lynch. 

and wanted his clothes packed up and sent to his brother, except for a special coat to his friend, William Wyatt. They must have been about the same size. 

Edmund witnessed two deeds found in Anson County deed book Z, page 10. Dated December 29, 1934, Lemuel Stokes sold to John S. Kendall for .50 cents sold in trust, 100 acres  that began at Lynches third corner  pine and a drain of McElvale's Branch. Apparently Lemuel Stokes owed loan payments to Griffin Nash of three annual payments of $50. If the debts were not paid, John Spillman had the right to sell the property in Wadesboro after advertising for 30 days."Edward" G. Lynch and William Blaylock were witnesses. There was no Edward, it had to be Edmund. 

The second one was also between Lemuel A. Stokes and John Spillman Kendall, but dated about two weeks later on January 15, 1835. In this one, Lemuel listed all of his personal property, a black mare, cows, calf, sow and 5 pigs, furniture, a loom, and a parcel of corn and fodder. In this deed, it wasn't Griffin Nash that he owed 3 payments to, but to John S. Kendall. The witnesses were the same and again, Edmund's name was mispelled "Edward". 

Following the transactions of Lemuel Stokes, Edmund G. Lynch was witness to a number of deeds involving William Lee of Anson, and his family. This was not the William Lee, whom I previously wrote of recently, but "Rocky River Bill" Lee, called such to differentiate him from others of the same name in the same general area. 

Three were located in Book 10, page 124 and a fourth on page 125.

First, Bill gave to his daughter, Eliza Staton, for love and natural affection, a 13 year old girl named Charlotte. Dated Oct 3, 1836 and witnessed by Edmund G. 'Linch' and Shepherd Lee. Now, they were misspelling the last name instead of the first. 

Second transaction, same date, Bill gave his son Shepherd Lee, 'for love and natural affection' , a 13 year old boy named Green. This time, Uriah Staton co-witnessed with Edmund G. 'Linch'. 

The third transaction, same page, Will sold 33.25 acres to Bryant Braswell, joined Sibley. Irwin Braswell and Burwell Braswell witnessed that time.

The fourth transaction, dated Oct 3, 1836, again, Will gave 2 adjoining tracts to his son Shepherd Lee, located at the mouth of Lanes Creek and joined the mouth of Spring Branch, crossed the road at Still house Branch, met Kiker's land and the throroughfare, known as the Amon Yarborough tract, and goes into timber rights and such, including the Kiker tract. Witnessed by Edmund G. Lynch, spelled properly, and Uriah Staton. 

Now, I don't know if the last transaction was a date error or just a wild coincidence, but on October 3, 1837, Book Z Page 483, William Lee gives to his daughter, Nancy Crump, for the same love and natural affection as her siblings, a 12 year old girl named Harriett, witnessed by Edmund G. Lynch, spelled correctly, and Shepherd Lee. 

A decade later, on October 7, 1846, William Lee R. R. (for Rocky River) wrote his last Will and testament. It's found in Anson County Will Book C on page 122. He refers to himself as "William Lee R. R. " in both the body of the Will and in his signature. He named his wife Catherine Lee, and left her most of everything he owned, then named his children Shepherd Lee, William Lee Jr., and Nancy Crump. He mentions his granddaughter, Amelia Catharine Staton, grandson William Caney Staton. He names as his executors, sons William and Shepherd, John F. Crump and David High. The Will was witnessed by John Winfield, Richmond Lee and David High.

NameElizabeth Lynch
Home in 1840 (City, County, State)Anson, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 291 James W. Nash ?
Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 491 Edmund Green Lynch 
Free White Persons - Females - 70 thru 791 Elizabeth Lynch
Slaves - Males - Under 102
Slaves - Females - Under 101
Slaves - Females - 10 thru 231
Slaves - Females - 55 thru 991
No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write1
Free White Persons - 20 thru 492
Total Free White Persons3
Total Slaves5
Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves8

1840 finds Elizabeth still living in Anson County, now in her 70's, with what appears to be Edmund, in his 40's and a younger man in his 20's, whom I believe to be James W. Nash, her grandson, son of Stephen Nash and her daughter, Nancy, both deceased. 

The estate of Elizabeth Lynch was settled in Henderson County, Tennesee in 1849, where two of her daughters had relocated. The executor was her Grandson, John Lawrence Cawthon, son of her daughter, Sarah. There is no mention of Edmund Green Lynch. It appears Elizabeth outlived all but one of her children. Did Edmund die in Anson and Elizabeth travel West with grandson James W. Nash? Did Edmund Green Lynch travel to Tennesee with his mother and die there? For now, those questions remain unanswered. 

James W. Nash settles in Madison County, Mississippi by 1846, because he marries his first cousin, Mary Nash, daughter of Stephen's brother, Wilson Griffin Nash, on December 3rd of that year. Imagine that, traveling halfway across the country just to marry a first cousin! They had one child, a son, Stephen Lynch Nash, born in 1847, and both James and Mary died young. 

James W. Nash died on August 9, 1853, according to his tombstone in Canton, Madison County, Mississippi. 

As for Edmund G. Lynch, he was no longer a witness. 

Alfred Lee


In the cool fall days of the year of our Lord, Eighteen hundred and thirty -two, (1832),  on November 13, Alfred Lee and William Lee, together, both of Montgomery County, North Carolina, sold a parcel of land to one Jacob Shoffner. For $200 paid in hand, they sold together, three tracts of land on the southwest side of the Pee Dee River, which would be land now in Stanly County. The first tract, on Little Creek of Long Creek, contained 100 acres, and was described only using a variety of trees and stakes, long gone, which doesn't tell us much. The second tract was near the 'fork throng' of the creek and also contained 100 acres. The third tract was located near the first, along a small branch and a lake, in the second line, and was a 100 acre tract granted to James Roper. It then ran due east, 24 chains, and crossed McGuire's fork three times,  coming to Benjamin Lilly's corner, running with his property for awhile,  eventually meeting back up with Ropers property, and containing 22 acres. The document was signed by William Lee and Alfred Lee, and witnessed by Benjamin Cagle and Lindsey F. Cagle.

This was a Montgomery County Deed, and predated the existence of Stanly County by 9 years. It had been brought back into court and filed in Deed Book 2, pages 135 and 136 in the Stanly County deeds, and was registered on the 23rd of October, 1848, where it was proved in open court, it is presumed, by Jacob Schoffner, or one of his heirs.They needed to prove the land was theirs, before they disposed of it, or for other reasons.

The reason the men sold the property would become clear. They would, as many would do during those days, move west, as land in Tennesee opened up for settlement. The BBD -bigger better deal . The grass is always greener...

The reason I am interested in these two men is because where they lived,  the land they left behind, is where my mysterious ancestor, Calvin Lee, first appears. I am following a theory that William Lee of Montgomery/Stanly County, (as he had contemporaries in neighboring Anson County of the same name), could be the father of Calvin Lee, and Alfred Lee, his brother. If this theory were to be true, then why would Calvin have not left North Carolina and traveled with them? The answer to that question could be found in the form of a person, Elizabeth Duke, daughter of James Duke. Calvin Lee would marry Elizabeth Duke and it could have been his ties to her, and her family, that anchored him to what became Stanly County. 

This post is about Alfred Lee and his family. Alfred Lee and Calvin Lee were only two years apart in age, both born after the arrival of a new century. 

NameAlfred Lee
Home in 1830 (City, County, State)West Side Pee Dee River, Montgomery, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 92
Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 391
Free White Persons - Females - Under 52
Free White Persons - Females - 5 thru 91
Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 291
Free White Persons - Under 205
Free White Persons - 20 thru 492
Total Free White Persons7
Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored)7

Outside of land records, Alfred Lee first appears in the 1830 census of Montgomery County, North Carolina. From the land records, we can know he lived in the part of Montgomery that would become Stanly County in 11 more years. By this time, Alfred had married, about 1822, to his first wife, Nancy Culpepper. Her name is known from the records of her children.

The Culpeppers were a very early family who settled in Anson County along the Rocky River, with deeds starting as early as 1754. They were often associated with the Lee family of the same area, "Upper Anson" and many attended the old Rocky River Baptist Church. It's not a far-fetched idea to think that Nancy Culpepper Lee was descended from, and related to, this same group of Culpeppers,  and that Alfred, and his father, William, were also connected to the descendants of Robert Lee. 

Here, Alfred is shown as a man in his 30's with an adult female in the household in her 20's, that could logically be Nancy. There were 4 children in the home, two boys between 5 and 9, one, of which corrresponds to the age of John Culpeper Lee, born in 1823, one girl between 5 and 9, and two others between infancy and five. Two of these would have been Milly, born in 1826 and Lucinda, born in 1829. Two children, one son and one daughter, are unknown . These two could have passed away in childhood, as was not uncommon, or married and independent before 1850, and not known as the children of Alfred Lee. 

There are two siblings that at least one individual has tagged as children of Alfred Lee, and I will be looking into that in a separate post. They were in Marshall County, Tennessee, at the same time he was, but at the moment, that's the only indication I can find, that suggests they could be. Of course, nothing is suggesting they're not, either.

William Lee, Alfred's father, also appears in the 1830 census in Montgomery County, North Carolina. He's in his 60's, there's a man and a woman in their 40's and a girl between 10 and 14 in the household, too.

Will Lee is listed right above the name of my 4th Great Grandfather, Rev. Samuel P. Morton. Also nearby are James, John and Will Morton, whom I believe may be related to Rev. Sammy, Uncle and cousins, perhaps, as I know his father died when he was about 19 years old.

Also nearby are Henry Marshall, Abner Nash, and another direct ancestor, James Mauldin. I know Sammy Morton ,and his kin, lived on David's Creek at this time.  This area is where Calvin Lee shows up in 1840, near the family William and Alfred sell their land to, the Schoffners. That act took place in 1832, and by 1836, Alfred Lee was on the tax lists of Monroe County, Tennessee.

He wouldn't stay in Madison County long, in the 1840 census, Alfred and family,  with father in tow, it appears, were living in Marshall County, Tennessee. Marshall County was founded in 1836, from parts of Maury, Giles, Bedford and Lincoln Counties. Madison and Marshall are over 150 miles apart. 

By this time, there were 6 children in the home, Albert was in his 40's, William in his 70's, but now there was a younger adult female. It appears Nancy Culpeper Lee may have passed away and Alfred had married his second wife. There were two boys, one 10 to 15, and another under 5. These would correspond to the ages of his two known sons, John, and William, born in 1937. Alfred had a lot of daughters. By 1840, he is shown with two between 10 and 14, Lucinda and Millie, one between 5 and 9, Temperance, and one under 5, Mary, born about 1839. We still have one  possible unknown daughter and one unknown son.

Marshall County Tennessee is located in the south-central part of the state, a very fertile area, where the mountains gave way to rolling hills. 

NameAlford Lee
Enumeration Date11 Sep 1850
PlaceDistrict 9, Marshall, Tennessee, USA
Schedule TypeAgriculture

On an agricultural schedule, Alfred is listed as owning 105 acres of land, 30 acres improved and 75 wooded. As for livestock, he owned 3 horses, 2 oxen, 3 'milch' cows, 2 other cattle, 17 sheep and 25 swine. He grew a variety of corn, wheat and oats. He would need that to feed all of the daughters he would accumulate.

The second wife of Alfred Lee was another Nancy. This one was named Nancy Morris, and she was born in Tennessee about 1817. They married around  1835. William would have been her first child, more than likely, due to the 7 year age gap between himself and Temperance..

NameNancy Lee
Birth Yearabt 1817
Home in 1850District 9, Marshall, Tennessee, USA
Cannot Read, WriteYes
Line Number39
Dwelling Number199
Family Number199
Inferred SpouseAlfred Lee
Household members
Alfred Lee50
Nancy Lee33
Lucinda Lee21
Wm Lee13
Mary Lee13
Sarah Lee10
Martha Lee7
Susan Lee7
Anilica Lee2

By 1850, Alfred had added four more daughters to his total, Sarah, 10, Martha, 7, Susan, 7, and Aneliza, 2. William and Mary are both shown as 13, Lucinda is 21 and not yet married. John Culpepper Lee married in Marshall County, Tennesee in 1844 to  Tennessee E. Hayes. Millie had married four years prior in Marshall County to Erastus Yandle Clark and Tempie had married in 1848 to H. J. Chunn.

NameMilly Lee
Marriage Date12 Feb 1846
Marriage PlaceMarshall, Tennessee, USA
SpouseYandell Clark

The Lees would remain in Marshall County until at least 1856, when oldest son John C. Lee would marry a second time to Louise Tennessee McElhaney. He must have had a thing for girls named Tennessee.

NameJohn L Lee
Marriage Date18 Jan 1846
Marriage PlaceMarshall, Tennessee, USA
SpouseTennyser E Hays

Tennessee Elizabeth Hayes in 1846 (victims of transcription errors) and 10 years later,

NameJohn C Lee
Marriage Date13 Mar 1856
Marriage PlaceMarshall, Tennessee, USA
SpouseLouisa T McElhaney

Louisa Tennesee McElhaney in 1856.

Four years later, 1860, found the family in Graves County, Kentucky.

NameAlfred Lee
Birth Yearabt 1800
Birth PlaceNorth Carolina
Home in 1860Graves, Kentucky
Post OfficeMayfield
Dwelling Number1200
Family Number1200
Real Estate Value2000
Personal Estate Value500
Inferred SpouseNancy Lee
Inferred ChildS C Lee; S F Lee; A E Lee; N J Lee; N M Lee
Household members
Alfred Lee60
Nancy Lee43
S C Lee19 Sarah
S F Lee14 Susan
A E Lee12 Ann Eliza
N J Lee9 Nancy Jane
N M Lee6 N Margaret

Alfred is now in Graves County, Kentucky at age 60, and he and his much younger wife have added 2 more daughters to the family, Nancy and Margaret. But why Graves County, Kentucky? It wasn't known as a popular destination spot, unlike Marshall County, Tennessee. It could be explained by a curious detail in the 1860 census- the Lees had settled in amongst a grove of Morisses. Within 5 homesteads, in either direction of their place on the list were households headed by 26 years old A. S. Morris, 37 year old Sarah Morris, 63 year old William Morris, 24 year old M. F. Morris and 39 year old Jesse Morris. As Nancy Lee was also a Morris, the possibility of all of these Morris's being a family is not difficult to intimate. I've not looked into it, just struck me as interesting and possible.

Alfred Lee and family settled in the village of Farmington, not far from the Calloway County border. It was and still remains, a farming village, founded in 1836. Located in the "foot" of Kentucky, Graves County borders Weakley County, Tennesee to the south, with a corner of Obion County, Tennessee meeting its southwest corner and Henry County, Tennesee meeting its southeast corner. On its northern border is McCracken County, Kentucky, and it borders Marshall and Calloway on the east and Ballard, Carlisle and Hickman, with Fulton near, on its western border.

In researching the children of Alfred Lee, some of them crossed  into these counties. There was nothing untypical, or extraordinary of his existence. In the attached schedules and other minimal records, Alfred's bounty had increased in time, as one could presuppose of a doughty laborer. He grew grains and typical farm animals, and lots of daughters, many daughters. 

NameAlfred Lee
Age in 187070
Birth Dateabt 1800
BirthplaceNorth Carolina
Dwelling Number25
Home in 1870Farmington, Graves, Kentucky
Post OfficeFarmington
Male Citizen Over 21Yes
Personal Estate Value800
Real Estate Value1500
Inferred SpouseNancy Lee
Inferred ChildrenNancy J Lee; Margaret Lee; Susan Lee; Mary Lee
Household members
Alfred Lee70
Nancy Lee53
Nancy J Lee19
Margaret Lee17
Susan Lee9
Mary Lee7
William Lee34

By 1870, Alfred was 70 and Nancy Morris Lee, 53. Their last two daughters, Nancy and Margaret, were the only ones left in the home. Younger son, William, had found himself a widower and had returned home to aid his father with the farm, bringing his own two daughters, Susan and Mary, ages 9 and 7, respectively.

Farmington, Kentucky is where Alfred Lee would end his days and with this, we would find Alfred's most remarkable record. Otherwise, he was just another fellow who had left the green fields of North Carolina for the green fields of Tennessee, and then left them for an isolated little town in Kentucky.

In the Kentucky, US Death Records, 1852 -1965. we learn that Alfred Lee, aged 75, male, married, and a farmer by trade, died on June 17, 1875, of Heart Disease. He had been born in Montgomery County, North Carolina. His place of death and place of residence were both Graves County, Kentucky. His parents names were William and ______ Lee. Whomever was the informant of the information, most likely his wife, Nancy, didn't know his mother's name. William's birthplace was given as Virginia and Mrs. Lee as North Carolina.

With this we know that Alfred Lee of Graves County, Kentucky was also Alfred Lee of Montgomery/Stanly County, North Carolina. This verifies that William was his father, yet there is still no documentation of their relationship to Calvin Lee. There may never be. Did Calvin fall out of the sky? Of course not. Circumstantial evidence, simply from location, not being a son of other Lee's in the area who left more records, and the right age to be William's other son, along with the names Lloyd and Alfred running through the names of the next generation on both sides, suggest the possibility. 

The fate of Nancy Morris Lee is unknown. As Alfred is shown as married, and not widowed, in 1875, Nancy lived until then, at least. She is not found in the 1880 census of Graves County, KY. She could have remarried, or passed away before 1880. She's not found in the homes of any of the children.

NameSusana Lee
Birth DateAbt 1861
Home in 1880Mayfield, Graves, Kentucky, USA
Dwelling Number155
Relation to Head of HouseNiece
Marital StatusSingle
Father's BirthplaceTennessee
Mother's BirthplaceKentucky
NeighborsView others on page
Household members
Andrew G. Kesterson46
Mary F. Kesterson42
Mary M. Kesterson23
Sarah A. Kesterson20
Thomas J. Kesterson18
Litha J. Kesterson16
Ida V. Kesterson13
Minnie M. Kesterson11
John W. Kesterson9
William E. Kesterson9
D. Malachia Kesterson6
Charles I. Kesterson4
Susana Lee19
Mary J. Lee17

The only Lees from the 1870 census found in 1880 in Graves were the younger Susanna and Mary Lee, who were the daughters of William Lee and his first wife, Sarah Wheeler. They are found living in the home of Andrew G. Kesterson and wife, Mary Francis Wheeler Kesterson, their aunt and uncle. Between his two wives, Nancy Culpepper and Nancy Morris, Alfred had 10 known daughters, and two known sons, and 2 unknown children. There have been two assigned to him, and they did indeed live in the same area at the same time as he, and were married before 1850, so not named in his home. I will look into them in a later post, but until then, below is a list of known children of Alfred Lee, son of William Lee of Montgomery County, NC.

1) John Culpepper Lee  born 23 Oct 1823 in Pee Dee, Montgomery County, NC, according to his records.He died in 1905 in Hunt County, Texas. He married first, Tennessee Hayes, no children. He married second, Louisa Tennessee McElhaney. He was by trade, a farmer. He had 9 children: William Alfred, Virginia Clementine, Susan Emmaline, Robert Nicholas, John Morgan, James Columbus, Samuel B., Thomas Boyd and Randall Lee. 

2) Millie Lee (1826-1898) Born in  Montgomery County, NC, died in Klamath, Oregon. She married Erastus Yandle Clark, Sr. on February 12, 1846 in Marshall County, Tennessee. Four children: Joseph A. Vance Clark, John Becton Clark, Erastus Yandell Clark, Jr. and Susan Clementine "Clemmie" Clark. Millie settled in Rutherford County, Tennessee, where she would end up raising her children mostly on her own. The 1880 census has her and Clemmie living with the family of her sister, Lucinda Lee Scott, and her marital status was 'divorced'. Millie ended up trekking to Oregon with her children, where she passed away at the age of  72.

3) Lucinda Lee (1829-1893)Born in Montgomery County, NC, Died probably in Loudon County, Tennesee. Married Eli Patton Scott in Marshall County, Tennesee on March 3, 1854, Two children: Susan Smith Scott and Robert Lee Scott. (The names of her two children are significant because the most common name for granddaughters of Alfred Lee is "Susan" and Smith also runs through the family, of course, so does William and Nancy, as expected. Makes me wonder if Alfred's mother may have been a Susan and if William was a son or grandson of Robert Lee, who settled in Anson County, NC. Lucinda's husband would remarry after her death.

4) Temperance Ann "Tempie" Lee (1831 - bet 1880 and 1900) Born in Montgomery County, NC and died probably in Graves County, Kentucky. Married Humphrey James Chunn on March 8, 1848 in Marshall County, Tennessee, one child, Emily Jane Chunn. They lived in Maury County, Tennessee and then Calloway County, KY. She married John Summerville on June 16, 1878 in Calloway County. They moved to Graves County, KY near her father afterwards. Tempie was 47 by the time she married the second time. She did have a stepson named Oscar Summerville. 

The next group were born in Tennesee, after the marriage of Alfred Lee to Nancy Morris.

5) William G. or J. Lee (1837 - 1881) Born in Marshall County, TN, died in Graves, KY. Married 1st, Sarah Wheeler, two daughters, Sussanna and Mary J Lee. Married 2nd Susan Paralee Fuqua, two sons, Alfred Lloyd Lee and Robert Ora Lee. Almost identifal names of sons to Calvin Lee back in Stanly County. Williams widow would remarry after his death and have another child, but not his.

6) Mary E Lee (9 Feb. 1839 - 28 March 1924) Born Marshall County, TN,died in Fulton County, KY. The 1850 census seemed to suggest William and Mary were twins. They were not.

Mary married Darius Powers, three children: David F., Mary E and Alice L. She outlived all of her children, except Alice.

7) Sarah Catherine Lee (1840 - Unknown) Born  in Marshall County, Tennesee, died probably in Tippacanoe County, Indiana. Married Enos Wheeler. One son, James C. Wheeler.

8) Martha Lee (1843 - aft 1900) Born in Marshall County, Tennesee, died supposedly in Texas.

Married James Morgan on Nov. 7, 1881 in Gibson County, Tennessee, although living with him as a wife prior to that date. Three children, Mary, David and Jane Morgan. She was a widow, living in Grave County, KY in 1900. She supposedly moved to Texas and died there, probably relocating with a child or grandchild, or even possibly with her sister, Susan.

9) Susan Francis "Mollie" Lee (1849 - bef 1900) Born in Marshall County, TN, died in San Antonio, Bexar, Texas.  Married first, about 1863, to an unknown McCuan. One daughter, Tennessee "Tenie" Mccuan. Married in 1867 to Hosea Jerome Singleton. Five children: Wesley Vernon, Sallie, Evelyn Lillian, Vella May and Lena Singleton.

10) Aneliza or Anne Eliza Lee (1848 - bef 1880) b Marshall County, TN d Rowan County, TN. Married Miles F. Cogswell. One son,  Franklin. She appears to have died shortly after his birth, but he grew up to have a large and beautiful family.

11) Nancy Jane Lee (b 11 Nov. 1850 - 3 Feb. 1914) Born in Marshall County, Tennesee, died in Paducah, McCraken, KY. Married August Nickles Veal in 1878. Five children: Bury Calvin, Rufus A., Maude E., Luby Lee, and Augustus "Gussie" Veal, Jr. They lingered for a while in Farmington, then moved to neighboring Calloway County, then back to McCraken.

12)  Margaret Melinda Lee (17 July 1853- 1 April 1896) b Marshall County, TN, d Graves County, KY. Married Thomas V. Cochran. Four children, James Alma, William V., Critt O. and Effie Mae Cochran. Raised family in Graves County, KY.